Ferdinand II (Spanish: Fernando) was born on March 10, 1452 and died on January 23, 1516.

He was King of Sicily from 1468 (till his death) and King of Aragon from 1479 until his death in 1516.

His 1469 marriage to Isabella of Castile, was the marital and political "cornerstone in the foundation of the Spanish monarchy." As a consequence of his marriage to Isabella I, he was de jure uxoris 'King of Castile' as Ferdinand V from 1474 until her death in 1504. At Isabella's death the crown of Castile passed to their daughter Joanna, by the terms of their prenuptial agreement and her last will and testament.

Ferdinand had a role in inaugurating the discovery of the New World in the future Americas, since he and Isabella sponsored the first voyage of Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), in 1492.

That year was the final victory in the war with Granada which defeated the last Muslim state in Iberia and all of Western Europe. This brought to a close the centuries-long Christian reconquest of Iberia. For that Christian victory, Pope Alexander VI, born in the kingdom of Valencia in Aragon, awarded the royal couple the title of Catholic Monarchs.

At Ferdinand's death in 1516, Joanna's son, Ferdinand's grandson, Charles I, who was co-ruler in name over all the several Iberian kingdoms except for Portugal, succeeded him, making Charles the first King of Spain. However, during the regency of Ferdinand, many called him the King of Spain as distinct from his daughter Joanna, “queen of Castile”.


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