Justice League
Combating crime and helping out with worldwide emergencies[1]
First Appearance

In the Earth-1A universe, a similar universe to Earth-One, there is a team of the greatest superhero's located on Earth called the Justice League (JL or JLA). Together they protect the Interplanetary Federation as well as the entire universe.

Formation of the Justice League of America

Justice League of America (FOUNDERS)

The Founding Members -- the 'original' seven![2]

Much of the back-story concerning the formation of the Justice League of America is the same as in the parallel universe of Earth-One;[3] with the exception of the date of formation. Instead of the date being early 1960, it was late 1969.

Originally, these heroes operated solely within their own respective territories. With the exception of their super-powered adversaries, they rarely interacted with other heroes.[4][5][6]

In the parallel-universe of Earth-One, in February, 1959, a panic is generated by the revelation of the presence of Martians on Earth. A few years before this, in 1955, Professor Erdel's robot brain transported the Martian Manhunter from Mars to Earth. Erdel died before he could reprogram the robot brain to send the Martian Manhunter back to Mars, stranding him on Earth. To blend in with humanity, J'onn J'onzz, the Manhunter From Mars, used his shapeshifting power to assume the identity of John Jones, a Middleton police detective. In the weeks that followed the Martian Manhunter, as Jones, observed the citizens of Middleton, finding them to be prone to paranoia. Fast forward four years and we see that J'onn J'onzz had been living successfully as a human policeman, while also operating in secret as the Martian Manhunter. As it turns out, Commander Blanx, and a small squadron of White Martians have been scouring the universe looking for the Manhunter. They eventually find him on Earth. The Manhunter confronted Blanx, and the White Martians. Their brief, but public battle was interrupted by Barry Allen a young and inexperienced Flash. He and the Manhunter partner up, but realize that the terrified civilians, upon seeing the aliens began to panic.

The Flash did his best to assure the citizens of Middleton that he would protect them from the Martians but only came under suspicion himself. As paranoia began to spread through Middleton, the Flash addressed the citizenry, at city hall, offering to bring in Superman.

While the Flash races to Metropolis, the Manhunter is captured by Commander Blanx. Upon his arrival, the Flash makes contact with not just Superman, but Batman and Robin, as well. Unbeknownst to the Flash, his arrival in Metropolis also tipped-off the media to the situation in Middleton. The public disclosure of the problem instigates a gathering of heroes, including the Blackhawks, the Challengers of the Unknown, Plastic Man, the Vigilante, Robotman, Congo Bill and Congorilla, Rex, the Wonder Dog, Aquaman, Wonder Woman, Lois Lane, and Jimmy Olsen. The only prominent hero at the time missing is Green Arrow, who is involved in a case that takes him and his sidekick Speedy back to the island of his origin.[7]

The assembled champions divide up into groups to scour the world for Martian activity: Plastic Man, Jimmy Olsen, and the Blackhawks accidentally run afoul of Rip Hunter's newly invented Time Sphere. Robotman, the Vigilante, Congo Bill, Congorilla, Lois Lane, and the Challengers have a near-encounter with Adam Strange and the Zeta-Beam. Finally, the remaining heroes discover Blanx and his men, and rescue the captive J'onn J'onzz.

After their success, Superman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Flash and the Manhunter discuss forming a club or a society to uphold Justice in the World. Batman says he’s not much of a joiner. As they discuss, the panic that was involved the fear that coming together as a team now might foster further global panic or concern over the Martians on earth, so they decide to wait six months or so. The reporters present also offer their oath of silence believing that global panic would not be good. Green Lantern has arrived by this time and joins in on the agreement vowing to keep this incident a secret.[8]

As fate would have it, aliens from the planet Appellax had come to Earth seeking to conquer it. This naturally gains the attention of Earth’s most well-known heroes: the Flash, Green Lantern, Aquaman, Wonder Woman, the Martian Manhunter and later by Superman and Batman. Individually, they fell to the Appellaxian Wood King, only by combining their strengths and gifts, would the heroes overcome their foe. Defeating this final foe and saving Superman, the assembled group of heroes then decide to work again in the future, and thus the Justice League of America was born![9]

And the rest is history…


From Left to Right: Aquaman, Flash, Superman, Atom, Hawkman and Green Lantern

JLA Super Powers commercial

Justice League of America[10]

The initial Justice League lineup then, was also the same as the Earth-One universe. It included seven of the Leagues most prominent members: Aquaman, Flash, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter, Wonder Woman, Superman and Batman.

Over the next two years Hawkman, Green Arrow, Zatanna, the Atom, Black Canary and several others were added to the roster.[11]

At that time, the Justice League operated from a secret cave, located outside of the small town of Happy Harbor, Rhode Island.

Within a few years of being a team, the JLA entered a volunteering program to help train young people to become superheroes. Teenager Snapper Carr was the first teenage member or more specifically he was the first Junior SuperFriends Member.

In 1971, the Martian Manhunter had left Earth when Mars became desolate to help his people search for a new world.

The SuperFriends Expansion

JLA formation

The formation of the SuperFriends

Season 1

The 'core-five' SuperFriends!

The Super Seven

The 'Super-Seven' as they were called by E. Nelson Bridwell in the pages of the SuperFriends Comic Book (1976-81)

The SuperFriends were founded in order to accomplish this goal:

To fight injustice, to right that which is wrong, and to serve all mankind.

SuperFriends (opening theme), Narrator

In late 1971, shortly after the Martian Manhunter had left Earth, the Justice League, believed that (as Superman stated), "the best way for us to combat crime and be prepared for world-wide emergencies is to work together. From now on, we'll be the SuperFriends."[12]

The heroes on hand during this agreement were Aquaman, Batman, Robin, Superman, Wonder Woman, Hawkman, the Flash, Green Lantern, Black Vulcan and Samurai.[13]

This arrangement was spear-headed by Superman, Batman (and Robin), Aquaman and Wonder Woman (the core-five) and included the training of young people (or Junior Super Friends) for law enforcement at the Hall of Justice. Marvin White and Wendy Harris, and later Zan and Jayna of the Wonder Twins are the first of the trainees.[14]

This is another significant departure from the parallel universe of Earth-One.

In 1985, they changed their name again and went by the name "The Super Powers Team."[15]

Junior SuperFriends Members

Main Article: Jr. SuperFriends

The Junior SuperFriends were young heroes that the other older heroes that were considered full time members would train to be superheroes. Although Robin is seen training the Wonder Twins on occasion, he is still considered a junior member.[16]

Known Leaguers

Members of the Justice League of America


Original JL Lineup
JLA team
Expanded Justice League Lineup.
Picture is from the SF Comic Book
Limited Collectors' Edition #C-41 (Jan. 76').
Artwork by Alex Toth:
Hawkman, Robin, Atom, Batman,
Captain Marvel, Black Canary, Flash and Green Lantern.[17]


Hall of Justice5

Initially their headquarters was the Secret Sanctuary located in the caverns of Mount Justice in Happy Harbor, Rhode Island. Eventually, with the help of billionaire Bruce Wayne, they were able to establish a suitable headquarters.

The Justice League eventually moved into a satellite above the Earth.[18]

The Justice League also made use of an earth-base, 'Hall of Justice', located in Gotham City, but later relocated to Metropolis.[19] The Hall was primarily the training academy for young people, but was also equipped with an advanced communications network and "Trouble Alert" system through which important government officials such as Colonel Wilcox, often alerted the Super Friends to various global threats, including alien invasions. The Justice League Satellite continued on as the League's official headquarters.[20] Over time though, the Hall becomes their main headquarters.[21]

Gathered together from the cosmic reaches of the universe – here in this great Hall of Justice - are the most powerful forces of good ever assembled.

SuperFriends, Narrator





  • Having successfully re-introduced a number of their Golden Age superhero characters (Flash, Green Lantern, etc.) during the late 1950s, DC Comics asked writer Gardner Fox to re-introduce the Justice Society of America.[22] Fox, influenced by the popularity of the National Football League and Major League Baseball, decided to change the name of the team from Justice Society to Justice League.[23]
  • The Justice League of America first appeared in The Brave and the Bold vol. 1, #28 (1960)[24]
  • Sometime in the late 60s or early 70s, Gardner Fox wanted to showcase an even more child-friendly version of the Justice League, hence the SuperFriends were born. The reason that the show was called Superfriends, rather than the Justice League of America was due to the fact that the show was coming out during the Post-Vienam War and a name like Justice League of America seemed to patriotic. Nevertheless the team is still referred to as the JLA, even though it didn't make the title.[?]
  • The SuperFriends turned out to be the longest-running version of the Justice League, which ran in various incarnations from 1973 to 1985.

External Links

Appearances in Other Media


  1. The purpose of the formation of the Justice League was told by Superman in History of Doom.
  2. As seen in Issue # 200 of the Justice League of America comic book.
  3. Since E. Nelson Bridwell did his best to tie in the SuperFriends universe with Earth-One, it became necessary to find this continuity.
  4. As depicted in the Filmation series: The New Adventures of Superman (1966-1970)
  5. As depicted in the Filmation series: The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure (1967-1968)
  6. As depicted in the Filmation series: The Batman/Superman Hour (1968-1969)
  7. This adventure involving Green Arrow and Speedy is revealed in Adventure Comics, #256 (January, 1959 ).
  8. The above adventure is revealed in Justice League of America, #144 (July, 1977).
  9. As revealed in Justice League of America, #9 (February, 1962).
  10. As seen in a Super Powers commercial.
  11. As seen in the Filmation series: The Superman/Aquaman Hour of Adventure (1967-1968). For a complete list of original line-up, see roster of superheroes in the SuperFriends Comic Book, Limited Collectors' Edition #C-41 (January 1976).
  12. As quoted in the Season 3 episode: History of Doom.
  13. The formation of team and members depicted in History of Doom.
  14. In the first issue of the SuperFriends comic book, E. Nelson Bridwell makes it very clear that the SuperFriends are sort of a volunteer organization, under the umbrella of the Justice League of America.
  15. As revealed in the Season 9 (1985) episode, The Seeds of Doom.
  16. Both he and Firestorm were considered Jr. Super heroes in The Case of the Shrinking Superfriends.
  17. Drawn by Alex Toth during the early production of the live action specials.
  18. As depicted in Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #78 (February, 1970) found at the DC Database and issue #3 of the Super Friends (comic book).
  19. As established in Super Friends # 1. The All-New Super Friends Hour episode The Brain Machine then establishes the location as being Metropolis, implying their was a move.
  20. This was stated in Super Friends # 1. Robin states that the Hall of Justice is not the headquarters of the Justice League, and the Justice League Satellite is. The Hall's purpose at this time is primarily for training purposes.
  21. This is established both in episodes of the animated series and later issues of the comic book. This may mean that the comics are supposed to be set between Season 1 and Season 2.
  22. Go to the DC Database for more on the Justice Society of America
  23. "League was a stronger word, one that the readers could identify with because of baseball leagues"
  24. Go to the DC Database for more on The Brave and the Bold vol. 1, #28 (March, 1960).
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