|Real name:||Oliver Queen|
|AKA:||The World’s Greatest Archer |
The Emerald Archer
|Relatives:||Dinah Lance (Life-Partner)|
|Base:||Star City, California|
|Weaponry:||Bow and Arrow |
|Green Arrow Gallery|
Justice League of America Team Member
|“||Staunch member of the Justice League of America...||”|
- 1 Justice League of America Team Member
- 2 Background Information
- 3 Powers and Abilities
- 4 Weaknesses
- 5 Equipment
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Justice League Team Members
- 8 Episode Appearances
- 9 Notes
- 10 Trivia
- 11 External Links
- 12 Appearances in Other Media
- 13 References
|Earth-One & Earth-1A Continuity|
In the parallel universe of Earth-One, Oliver Queen was a wealthy playboy and a world traveler. On a cruise aboard the ‘Kristina’ in the south seas, [in a pre-crisis retcon] Ollie is in full party mode on his yacht full of guest, when pirates show up harass the guests and throw Ollie overboard [as opposed to merely falling over]. He was washed up on a deserted island (which became known as Starfish Island) where he was forced to survive by any means necessary. He made a make-shift bow and arrows to hunt for food. He also developed an arsenal of trick arrows, like the drill arrow, and the rope arrow, as well as assembling a green suit for camouflage. [In a pre-crisis retcon, Ollie does not see a commercial freighter that has stopped by the island and swims out with the hopes of being rescued, instead] Ollie hears a commotion one night as he is in the jungle. As he pears over rocks overlooking the shore, he sees the very same pirates that threw him overboard stashing their loot. Before they can complete the task and kill the seamen they coerced to take them to the Island, Ollie springs into action. The seamen then rescue Ollie. Upon arriving back home in Star City, Ollie realizes that he is changed by his experiences, and decides to give something back to society, in as exciting a way as possible – becoming a crime-fighter under the guise of Green Arrow, using his archery skills for good.
With his new lease on life, he eventually met Roy Harper Jr., who grew up on an Indian reservation after his parents died in an explosion. His mentor Chief Thunderhead trained and raised him to be an incredible archer in hunting and competition, then sent him out into the world to seek his destiny. When Roy’s mentor’s health began to fail, he decided the perfect new guardian for young Harper would be the Green Arrow. Roy auditioned several times to become his assistant and proved his skill and mettle, receiving the name Speedy because of how fast he was.
(In early 1971, in the Earth-1A universe) The Arrow takes his new sidekick, Roy Harper (aka Speedy) to the island of his origin, Starfish Island. They had heard Professor Hagen had been lost in the area during a storm. As they search for the professor, they are attacked by a lost tribe of Indians. In the attack, the Arrowplane is damaged and they are captured. Using his wit, he is able to offset any future harm and leave unscathed with the professor. At the exact same time, a historic meeting is taking place. Superman, Wonder Woman, Aquaman, Flash and civilian Hal Jordan help rescue J'onn J'onzz, a Manhunter from Mars (who had been on earth for the past four years in human disguise as a police detective John Jones) from Commander Blanx and his battalion of White Martians. The heroes on hand decide to wait on making the rescue public fearing a panic over the presence of aliens on earth. This informally joining of forces, was even kept a secret even from Green Arrow. It would not be long after this occasion that Hal Jordan received the mantle of Green Lantern over sector 2814 and the Justice League would become an official team.
On a notable occasion, the newly formed Justice League encounters the villainous Carthan who has captured Green Arrow. Carthan challenges the JLA to overcome the three engines of doom he has placed strategically around the earth. Splitting into three teams, the League manage to disarm the engines of doom, but then find themselves trapped inside a huge diamond from which there is no escape. The only way out is if Green Arrow can hit the weak spot in the diamond with pinpoint accuracy. He takes aim and hits the crystal's stress point. Returning to their headquarters, the JLA votes in Green Arrow as their newest member. Ollie becomes the first non-charter member to join the team.
It would not be long before the Arrow, joins his fellow JLAers on a historic cross-universe mission. Batman chairs a meeting and tells the team that he just learned that Chronos, Doctor Alchemy and Felix Faust have banded together as the Crime Champions and intend to commit three crimes simultaneously. The group splits into three teams to take down each of the super-villains. Meanwhile, on the parallel world of Earth-Two, the Justice Society of America have received a challenge from three of their most well-known adversaries: The Fiddler, theIcicle and the Wizard. After a series battles, the Crime Champions are defeated. Each villain is imprisoned on his respective homeworld.
While still a young teen, Speedy joins forces with Wonder Girl, Aqualad, Kid Flash and 'junior Justice Leaguer', Robin in order to free their mentors in the Justice League from the mind-control of an alien energy-being called the Antithesis. They defeat this foe and together the five teens decide to become a real team, calling themselves the Teen Titans. Speedy decided to be a part-time member.
After several adventures with the JLA, Ollie was destined for change. The catalyst for change came in few parts: The League turns down a job they deemed to be too trivial. Superman tells him that “as defenders of injustices, they can only be concerned with major breeches of the law.” The Arrow is furious that they won’t help out all those in need, and storms off. Also, at this time, Ollie starts dating the widowed Dinah Lance (aka the Black Canary). This relationship caused a further rift from the rest of the League. Also at this time, the businessman Oliver loses his fortune to corporate fat-cats. This change is personified more conclusively represented in a change in costume, and growing out his signature goatee.
From this point forward, Oliver Queen/Green Arrow became a mouth-piece for the underprivileged and political left. Faced with his new-found outlook on life, he did what all lost souls in the late 1960s did – he hit the road with a friend. He teams up with Hal Jordan (aka Green Lantern). Together they embark on a quest in a beat-up pickup truck to "find America," along the way witnessing the problems of corruption, racism, pollution, as well as overpopulation confronting the nation. Each would find their beliefs challenged by the other. Jordan wanted to work within the system and was more concerned about dealing with criminals; where Oliver advocated social change. He did manage to convince Jordan to see beyond his strict obedience to the Green Lantern Corps, and to help those who were neglected or discriminated against. As Ollie and Hal traveled the country, they were occasionally joined by Dinah. Ollie helped Dina learn how to control her new sonic powers.Speedy, who did not go with them on the road, dabbled with drugs while Ollie was away. This caused the two to go their separate ways for a time (Roy eventually made his way back to the Teen Titans). In the aftermath, Ollie sets out on his own and starts down a path that would ultimately lead him to being a newspaper columnist and run for Star City Mayor. Hal runs into an interesting and noteworthy predicament of his own as he investigates an earthquake that hits Coast City. He saves the life of Guy Gardner, who is injured after being hit by a bus. Hal knows that this man is earth’s back-up Green Lantern should something happen to him. Now he's in a coma with a severe head injury. This worries Hal. Suddenly, the image of one of the Guardians of the Universe appears, stating that there must be an alternate replacement selected – John Stewart.
While tracking a thug in Star City, Green Arrow is ambushed and outnumbered. With an arm that has been injured several times in recent months, his archery isn't as accurate as it should be, but he risks firing an arrow to disarm a sniper. He is horrified when his bad arm causes him to miss his shot and kill the sniper. Dinah hears of this regrettable occurrence and calls Hal. Hal flies over to Oliver's tenement, arriving before anyone else. He finds Oliver's arrows broken and his costume shredded, leaving the question open as to Oliver's fate. Ollie however, telling no one, spends a few months in an ashram monastery, shedding the remaining trappings of his super-heroic life (including crashing the Arrowplane into a mountain). He would find no peace there, and returned to the outside world seeking out Dinah. He and Dinah entered the job market and started a life together away from the Justice League. Ollie pursued a career in public relations, coming into some money and Dinah went back to running a florist as she did on Earth-Two.
In the parallel universe of Earth-1A, it is late 1976. Oliver is on an assignment in Bornego, Africa. He hears that the world's population of humans have begun to shrink to two-inches tall. This proved to be a plot by masterminded criminal, Doctor Hiram Gulliver. This mad scientist had captured all the SuperFriends (Batman, Aquaman, Wonder Woman and Superman) except for Wendy and Marvin. The Jr. Superfriends reach out to Green Arrow because he was the only the Justice League member that was left on Earth. The other members were off world on a space mission. The Emerald Archer inexplicably also shrank but was not captured. At two-inches tall, He stormed Gulliver's Castle like a Tom Thumb version of Robin Hood. He defeated the mad scientist, returned the SuperFriends and everyone else on Earth to normal size.
While adventuring with Dinah, Oliver believes could do some good as the mayor of Star City and revisits the idea. Unfortunately, Ollie losing the election thanks to the meddling of the Crime Syndicate.
Exclusive to the parallel universe of Earth-1A, Zan and Jayna from Exor arrive on earth and are rescued by Jr. SuperFriends, Wendy and Marvin. They tell a tale of Grax (Superman’s old enemy) and a plot to cause havoc all over the world. They contact the Justice League and they all meet at Justice League Satellite. Olive joins them. They are told that Grax has scattered 12 deadly bombs throughout the Earth – one on the six visible continents, one on an unseen continent, and one on five inhabited islands. The first four bombs are set to go off in less than an hour. If they fail to go off, the next five will be activated 26 minutes later. Then the final three, 47 minutes after that. The first group will destroy the people’s memory of the past. The second group will wipe everyone’s mind blank ... so they wouldn’t even know enough to eat. We don’t know what the last group three will do. Green Arrow heads to Australia to meet up with Hugh Dawkins (aka the Tasmanian Devil). This bomb is unique in that it is made with White Kryptonite, which is not harmful to Superman but will fill the atmosphere, eventually killing all plant life on Earth. Next, the Arrow along with Batman, Robin, Hawkman, Hawkgirl, Superman and Green beam down to Antarctica. They of course dismantle the bombs and save the day. His efforts and the efforts of the rest of the JLAers and international heroes, thwarts the evil genius’ plan.
While not an active member in the JLA, Ollie does nominate and sponsor Black Lightning’s induction into the League. Even though Jefferson was indicted onto the team on his own merit, Oliver’s pushing for ethnic diversity was met with backlash from fellow Leaguers. This led him to officially tender his resignation from the Justice League.
Ollie’s tension with the overall JLA, does not extend to all Leaguers. He shows up on unannounced at the Wayne Foundation Penthouse, to ask a favor of Bruce Wayne. He wants Bruce to appear as the Dark Knight in an escape artist show, hosted by Ollie’s friend Samson Citadel. Bruce agrees on the condition, provided Oliver helps him patrol Gotham City. Batman could use his help, because the Gotham City Police Department has reached out needing assistance in finding the criminals responsible for the new wave of seemingly impossible crimes. The crooks seem to be able to break into buildings and rob safes without using force. The two heroes go out at night and they spot a crime in progress at the Gotham Museum. Batman and Arrow split to capture the thugs. As Oliver is about to capture one of the thugs with his Trick Arrows, but the criminal escapes from the arrow, even though it should be a fool-proof. Batman deduces that the criminal mastermind behind the recent crimes is Arrow's friend, Samson Citadel, but Green Arrow won't believe it and goes to ask his friend about it. Meanwhile, Batman is captured by Rhinehart, the master in hypnotist. As Oliver is with his friend, Samson, Rhinehart orders him to attack. But Samson can’t do it and falls unconscious. Rhinehart realizes his predicament and starts to run, but his escape attempt is thwarted by Batman – a master escape artist himself. Rhinehart has been arrested and the crimes stopped.
Oliver is called to action one afternoon after hearing gunfire in his hotel. He dawns his Green Arrow costume to investigate. He arrives to find shooters having just gunned down a man in the hallway. The Emerald Archer brings down the first killer with a bolo arrow and then takes off in pursuit of the second. He catches up with the second killer on the roof, and beats him into unconsciousness. The archer returns to the victim. The man breathes his last. His dying words indicate that the oil tycoon, Bo Force, is involved in murder. Arrow then calls in the police to report the shooting before going out to investigate things further in his alter-ego of reporter Oliver Queen. He arrives at the south gate of Force's property, to interview Force. Instead, Force's guards beat Queen down, before forcibly ousting him from the property. Back in Metropolis, Superman, in his guise as Clark Kent, is preparing to depart for an evening out with Lois Lane and Jimmy Olsen, when he hears the message left on his answering machine by a man named Fred Garmer. Clark declines to spend the evening with the pair and heads out to investigate as Superman. Meanwhile, the Arrow has decided to rent a plane to scout out Force's property. The plane is brought down by anti-aircraft rockets and Arrow parachutes to safety, taking out Force's gunnels as he descends to the Earth. At that exact moment, Superman arrives. He diverts the destroyed plane before its hits a nearby farmhouse. On the ground, Oliver is beaten into submission by an army of Bo's thugs. Suddenly an earthquake hits the location. Superman goes to investigate and finds that an underground river that feeds the Thor Geyser (the study of which is the whole reason behind the location of Force’s property) has caused an eruption in a nearby town. After plugging the hole with a sheared off mountain top, Superman attends to the fireball created by the explosive water. Flying around it at super-speed, Superman creates a vortex which carries the burning water into space. At that same moment, the Arrow disarms and knocks out Bo. Superman reports to the Arrow that the final eruption would be the Thor Geyser's last. Force is then taken into custody for Fred Garmer’s murder.
In addition to fighting injustices globally, he also fought the tide of crime in the streets of Star City while living in an inner-city apartment: a computer crime by the criminal Hi-Tek; dealing with strikes by unruly Teamsters; the bringing down of a pretty thief and urban graffiti artist named Ozone;  Afghani terrorists; a motorcycle gang; and an attack on the Star City World's Fair.
While still living in his in inner-city apartment and trying to be the urban every-man, his world is turned on its head, when he is invited to the reading of a will from recently deceased, long-time family friend, Abby Horton. He suddenly becomes the beneficiary of a substantial sum of money. Ollie however, feels her death is suspect and uncovers a plot by corporate titans.
The following year, the Arrow teams up with his old partner, Green Lantern to bring down the Demolition Team who recently destroyed Ferris Aircraft. After their defeat, Hal faces the choice of continuing as a ring-wielder, or quitting to stay with Carol Ferris. He decides turn in his ring to the Guardians, telling them he wishes to give up his heroic identity.
While Green Arrow and Black Canary are on patrol in Star City looking out for thugs, one of which wounds Black Canary with another arrow. Green Arrow gets an ambulance for the Black Canary, then answers the challenge of Pete Lomax and easily defeats him in a duel of arrows.
Crisis on Infinite Earths
|Crisis on Infinite Earths|
Crisis on Infinite Earths
July 1985, Star City – The skies overhead have turned red. Weather around the world is out of whack. All the signs point to the coming of Armageddon. The Arrow and Canary are on hand saving as many citizens as possible. John Stewart as the ‘new’ Green Lantern of earth Sector 2814 and Katma Tui of Sector 1417 are also present having just returned from a mission in space. They are just as confused as the other heroes. Earth’s Green Lantern is approached by the Harbinger. She tells him that the Crisis has come and that he needs to come with her and serve as an agent of someone called the Monitor. Mistaking her warnings as threats, Stewart tries to detain Harbinger, and a fight breaks out between those present. Ultimately, Stewart decides she is not lying and it is best to go with her. Katma protests and says the Guardians assigned the two of them as a team. John says his goodbyes and disappears with the Harbinger. Katma and Canary look on, worried. Ollie chimes in and says, “No sweat Katma! Our earth GL’s are tough cookies.” As they stare at the space where John was, the rain gets worse. Katma contacts the Guardians and she phases out. After she consults with the Guardians, she returns and and tells Ollie and Canary that the Guardians were both surprised and worried after she reveals the name of the Monitor to them. She then leaves saying that she must check Sector 2813. As she leaves, Dinah leans into Ollie and says she needs a big hug. Ollie says he needs one too.
The Arrow and his allies turn up again, aboard a strange satellite. The heroes have been summoned by Alex Luthor Jr. of Earth-Three, Pariah and Harbinger. This trio has brought together a massive congregation of heroes from Earth-One and Earth-Two – against their will. Together the three explain that a being called the Anti-Monitor is consuming all positive-matter realities, but also explain that in order for things to correct themselves, the Multiverse must be folded back upon itself and become a single universe – the way it was intended, or else all worlds will be destroyed.
The Arrow and Canary’s first mission after the initial gathering is to clean up the debris from the destroyed Justice League Satellite, after Red Tornado’s body exploded. The pair finds themselves in Michigan, along with Firestorm, Martian Manhunter, (and Justice League Detroit members) Steel and Vibe. After the debris is cleared, the young guys blame Arrow and his old teammates for the satellites destruction. As Firestorm intervenes, Dinah mourns the loss of Reddy. Meanwhile, Kathy Sutton (Red Toranado’s wife) arrives at home to find Red Tornado reaching out to her through her television. Sutton follows the Red Tornado's trail. Soon the Arrow and Dinah arrive at the Justice League Detroit Headquarters. They are discussing the destruction of Red Tornado and the impossibility of putting him back together again. Firestorm interjects and tells the Leaguers present that Red Tornado’s body was inhabited by a sentient Tornado Spirit, so he may not be completely gone. As they discuss, they are contacted by Elongated Man, who is at the S.T.A.R. Labs Weather Research Center along with Zatanna. They tell them that something, perhaps the Anti-Monitor has taken over three weather satellites resulting in aberrant, and dangerous, weather patterns throughout the world. The Arrow and Canary, along with Firestorm, Nuclear Man, Batman, Black Lightning and Geo-Force use their radar to seek out the epicenter/warp of what may be controlling the satellites. As they arrive, the rain is out of control. They spot a woman on a bridge in the rain. It’s Kathy Sutton. After consultation with Kathy, our heroes deduce the Red Tornado’s mind has occupied the three weather control satellites. The Martian Manhunter, and Superman destroy the three weather satellites. Sutton amazingly is able to convince the Red Tornado to resume a more human form. Superman flash freezes the Red Tornado, with his super-breath. Firestorm, the Nuclear Man imprisons the Red Tornado, in a steel block. The Red Tornado bursts free, growing, once more, to gigantic size. Believing Sutton has betrayed him, the Red Tornado renounces all ties to humanity. The Red Tornado taunts the JLA by saying that that they may be able to save the world from the Anti-Monitor, but warns that a reckoning will be forthcoming. He then vanishes into he sky.
On Earth-S, the Arrow and Canary engage in battle against a cadre of Super-Villains. While their fate is unknown, Killer Frost and Captain Cold successfully freeze the planet surface, including Aquaman and his beloved Mera. And so, our heroes lose this battle and Earth-S becomes the territory of super-villains. This is the last we see of the Earth-One version of the Arrow and Canary.
Powers and Abilities
- Survival: He was forced to learn this while stranded on Starfish Island.
- Acrobatics: He has displayed on many occasions that he is an expert in acrobatics, and often uses this skill while evading enemy fire.
- Archery: Oliver Queen is perhaps the finest archer ever known. He has a wide-variety of trick arrows, ranging from bola arrows to time-bomb arrows to his infamous boxing-glove arrow. Green Arrow has shown the ability to shoot an arrow down the barrel of a gun, pierce a drop of water as it leaves a tap, and shoot almost any part of the human body; although he aims only to wound and not kill when he shoots.
- Aviation: He used to own and fly his own airplane called the Arrowplane. He still has some skill in flying different types of planes.
- Firearms: Although not his preferred weapon, Oliver is very skilled in the use of firearms. He has displayed great accuracy with handguns and machine guns.
- Hunting: Archery is by far Oliver's preferred method of hunting however the ability to hunt comes from years of training, patience and survival.
- Martial Arts: He is proficient in several forms of hand-to-hand combat including:
- Stick Fighting: Oliver has shown to be a highly skilled stick fighter.
- Swordsmanship: Ollie is also very proficient with a sword, though it is not his preferred weapon of choice.
- Strength: Due to extensive archery training, Ollie's arm strength is superior to that of the average man. He once broke free from a metal chain over a course of a few hours.
Being human / mortality
- Bow and Arrows: Green Arrow has a green Robin Hood-like bow, and also a substantial amount of trick arrows in his quiver.
Justice League Team Members
Aquaman (founding member) • Batman (founding member) • Superman (founding member) • Flash (founding member)
- Limited Collectors' Edition #C-41 (January 1976)
- Issue #3 (February 1, 1977)
- Issue #7 (October 1, 1977) – in the shadows on board the JLA Satellite
- Issue #8 (November 1, 1977)
- Issue #9 (December 1, 1977)
- Green Arrow first appeared in More Fun Comics #73 in 1941.
- He was created by Mort Weisinger and George Papp.
- In 1969, artist Neal Adams in the pages of the Brave and the Bold, Vol. 1 #85, decided to update the character's visual appearance by giving him a goatee beard and costume of his own design
- Inspired by Adams' redesign, writer Dennis O'Neil followed up on Green Arrow's new appearance by completely remaking the character's attitude in the pages of Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #75 (cover-dated November 1969), giving his personality a rougher edge.
- It is not sure if the SuperFriends Version was based on the Golden Age version of the character, or the Silver Age. Green Arrow's appearance is definitely modeled after his Silver-Age counterpart.
- Green Arrow was regrettably on only one episode the SuperFriends TV Series.
- This is Green Arrow's first animated appearance.
- The Green Arrow disambiguation page at the DC Database.
- Green Arrow at Wikipedia
- Green Arrow at dccomics.com
- Jayme Lynn Blaschke Unofficial Green Arrow Shrine!
- The Green Arrow at Don Markstein’s Toonpedia Website
- The Green Arrow at the Comic Vine
Appearances in Other Media