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Freedom Fighters
Freedom-fighters -1
Official Name
Freedom Fighters
Leader
Uncle Sam
Headquarters
Purpose
Combating Crime
Origin
Unknown
First Appearance
Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #107 (Oct, 1973)
Freedom Fighters, Vol. 1 #1 (April, 1976)


In the parallel universe of Earth-X there was a small group of heroes called the Freedom Fighters.[1] On this ‘other’ earth, the Nazis eventually conquered America killing most of earth’s heroes. The remaining Freedom Fighters (Black Condor, Doll Man, Human Bomb, Phantom Lady, the Ray, and Uncle Sam) went underground. While in hiding, they come across an unusual sight: costumed super-heroes fighting the Nazi army. These heroes were members of the Justice League of Earth-One (Batman, Elongated Man, Green Arrow, and Red Tornado) and the Justice Society of Earth-Two (Dr. Fate, Superman, and Sandman). Together, they defeat the evil Nazi’s and save the planet from tyranny. Soon after the heroes from Earth-One and Earth-Two leave for home, confidant that the Freedom Fighters will continue to protect their world from evil.

Decades later, the Freedom Fighters (kept young by the mystical presence of Uncle Sam), moved to Earth-One for a time and had several adventures there, both with the Freedom fighters and on their own, before returning to Earth-X following a final battle with the Silver Ghost and the apparent death of Firebrand.


A Few Members of the Team

Team Leader: Uncle Sam

UncleSam FreedomFighters A spiritual entity created through an occult ritual by the ‘Founding Fathers of the United States’ first inhabited Uncle Sam[2] in 1870. The spirit’s second host fought in World War I. A third (the character's Golden Age incarnation) was a superhero during World War II. This incarnation was a member of the All-Star Squadron but vanished at the end of the war. The 'spirit' was resurrected in a new costumed form called the 'Patriot' during the Imperiex War, but later reverts to Uncle Sam. It was this incarnation that formed the Freedom Fighters.[3]

Black Condor

BlackCondor FreedomFighters Richard Grey, Jr.’s[4] power was caused by exposure to a radioactive meteor, though he erroneously believed he had developed it naturally after being orphaned in the wilderness as a child and raised by a flock of wild Condors. Returning to civilization as an adult, he stumbled upon the murder of Senator Thomas Wright (to whom he bore an uncanny resemblance) and took on the dead man's identity. He began leading a double life as both Senator Wright and the crime busting Black Condor, eventually joining first the 'All-Star Squadron' and then the 'Freedom Fighters'. He relocated to Earth-X in late 1941 alongside the other Freedom Fighters.

Doll Man

DollMan FreedomFighters On the parallel-universe of Earth-Two, Darrel Dane (aka the Doll Man)[5] was a super-hero who could shrink to a height of six inches and a proportionate weight, or return to his normal size and weight. He is also a superb athlete and an excellent hand-to-hand combatant. During the summer of 1941, Darrel Dane and the masked crime-fighter 'Midnight' both tracked a mysterious figure calling himself Uncle Sam to a laboratory just in time to see Sam and six other super-heroes vanish within a vortex. Doll Man and Midnight ran into the vortex and were transported to the Nazi-occupied Paris of the alternate Earth called Earth-X. Together with Sam and his new team, they help defeat the Nazi’s and save Earth-X. Doll man decides to join this newly formed Freedom Fighters.

Human Bomb

HumanBomb FreedomFighters Roy Lincoln[6] was a scientist / chemist who ingested one of his chemicals. As a result, Lincoln gained the ability to cause explosions in any object he came into contact with, particularly through his hands. The only way to control it was to always wear special gloves. Shortly thereafter, Roy developed an entire suit which afforded him greater control over his abilities. Calling himself the Human Bomb, he became an adventurer and eventually a member of both the 'All-Star Squadron' and then the 'Freedom Fighters' - operating first on Earth-Two and later on both Earth-X and Earth-One.

Phantom Lady

Sandra Knight (Earth-Two) 005 Sandra Knight[7] of Opal City, was the beautiful debutante daughter of U.S. Senator Henry Knight. She lived an unadventurous life until the day her father was the victim of an assassination attempt which Sandra herself foiled. This incident prompted her to become a crime fighter – aka the Phantom Lady. She used a black light projector, a device which allowed her to blind her enemies and make herself invisible. She drove a car whose headlights also projected black light when necessary. In this identity she fought crime solo, with her fiancé Donald Borden (an agent of the U.S. State Department) or as a member of the 'All-Star Squadron'. In 1942, Sandra and a few other members of the Squadron migrated to the parallel world of Earth-X in order to help the mysterious Uncle Sam fight the Nazis.

The Ray

TheRay freedom fighters Langford Terrill gained the ability to manipulate light and even transform himself into a light form after being struck by lightning while assisting in a scientific experiment in a hot air balloon. He created the identity of the Ray and fought crime on his native Earth-Two both solo and as a member of the All-Star Squadron, before eventually migrating to Earth-X to become a founding member of the Freedom Fighters. The Ray went along with the rest of the Freedom Fighters to the parallel world of Earth-One (home of the JLA). Eventually the Ray and the rest of the Freedom Fighters found themselves wanted by the law. After the situation was resolved, the Ray went back to Earth-X with the other Freedom Fighters to help rebuild it.


Appearances


References

  1. The earliest (or original) version of the Freedom Fighters was assembled on December 7, 1941 and existed on Earth-Two. This version of the group was retconed and their deaths were depicted in the pages of Roy Thomas' two comic books chronicling that era: 'All-Star Squadron' (starting with a special insert in Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #193, August 1981) and the 'Young All-Stars' (debuting in Young All-Stars Vol. 1 #1, June 1987). The DC Comics version of this team existed on Earth-X. This version had their own book for fifteen issues from 1976 to 1978 in which they crossed over to Earth-One. For more on Earth-X go to the DC Database.
  2. Uncle Sam was created by Will Eisner for Quality Comics. He first appeared in National Comics, Vol. 1 #1 in July, 1940 which was published by 'Quality Comics' during the Golden Age of Comic Books. He was later acquired by 'DC Comics' along with other Quality creations in 1956. He was later introduced by DC Comics in Freedom Fighters, Vol. 1 #1 (April 1976), written by Gerry Conway and Martin Pasko, and drawn by Ric Estrada.
  3. For more on Uncle Sam, see: Uncle Sam (New Earth) at the DC Database and Uncle Sam at Wikipedia.
  4. Black Condor was introduced in Crack Comics, Vol. 1 #1 published in May 1940, by 'Quality Comics'. Black Condor was one of many heroes created for Quality Comics by Eisner and Iger Studios. In 1956, DC Comics obtained the rights to the Quality Comics characters, and re-introduced them 17 years later as the Freedom Fighters in Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #107 (October 1973).
  5. Go to Darrel Dane (Earth-Two) at the DC Database for more on this character.
  6. After 'Quality Comics' went out of business in 1956, DC Comics acquired the rights to the Human Bomb as well as the other Quality Comics properties. The Human Bomb remained unpublished until he and several other former Quality properties were re-launched in Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #107 (October, 1973) as the Freedom Fighters. As was done with many other characters DC had acquired from other publishers or that were holdovers from Golden Age titles, the Freedom Fighters were located on a parallel world, in this case called ‘Earth-X’ on which Nazi Germany won World War II.
  7. The Phantom Lady first appeared in Police Comics, Vol. 1 #1 (Aug, 1941), an anthology title the first issue of which also included the debut of characters such as Plastic Man and the Human Bomb. In 1956, DC Comics obtained the rights to the Quality Comics characters and reintroduced her 17 years later with a group of other former Quality heroes as the Freedom Fighters in Justice League of America, Vol. 1 #107 (Oct. 1973).
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