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Robin
Robin (The Ultra Beam)
Information
Real name: Richard Grayson
AKA: Robin
The Boy Wonder
The Teen Wonder
Red Robin
Nightwing
Species: Human
Homeworld: Earth
Universe: Earth-1A
Hair: Black
Relatives: John Grayson (father)
Mary Grayson (mother)
Bruce Wayne (foster father)
Mar'i Grayson (daughter)
Base: Hall of Justice
Affiliations: SuperFriends
Batman Family
Teen Titans[1]
Weaponry: Utility Belt
has a wide range of devices
Voiced/Played: Casey Kasem[2]
Arturo Mercado[3]
Burt Ward[4]
Aldo Stella[5]
Dick Grayson Gallery

Junior SuperFriends Team Member

Leader of the Teen Titans

Leader of the New Teen Titans

Dick

Dick Grayson

Robin (09x04 - The Fear)

Season 9 Appearance

Batman&Robin

The Dynamic Duo!

Dick Grayson was the young ward to Bruce Wayne, aka the Batman. Bound together by the tragedy they share, Bruce Wayne and Dick Grayson's lives are distinctly similar. He was born to John and Mary Grayson, skilled acrobats who worked at Haly's Circus until they were murdered in the middle of their act. He joins up with the Batman to fight crime. As he grew older, graduated from high school, worked with the Teen Titans and enrolled in Hudson University.


Background Information

In the parallel-universe of Earth-One, Dick Grayson was the youngest of a family act called the "Flying Graysons". They were part of traveling carnival called Haly's Circus. On one evening when Dick just 10 they were performing in Newton, a small community outside of Gotham City, when a gangster named Boss Zucco who was trying to exhort money from Mr. Haly killed Grayson's parents, John and Mary, by sabotaging their trapeze equipment as a warning against his defiance.[6] Bruce Wayne was in attendance that fateful evening, and took pity on the boy. He decides to disguise himself as the Batman and to explain to the boy that he lost his parents at a young age too. The boy is eager to take revenge so Batman takes him to his Batcave. While there, he walks through an ‘oath’ with the boy who promises to fight crime. He then (inexplicably) confides in the boy by removing his cowl, thus revealing his identity. The next day Bruce takes the boy to the courthouse to adopt the boy, but because he is a bachelor he can only become the boy’s legal guardian with family approval. He does so, and immediately begins to train the boy, gives him a costume and within a short time they are able to bring down Zucco and his gang.[7]

Together they shared adventures with allies including Batwoman, secretly heiress and former circus performer Kathy Kane;[8] Bat-Girl (Kathy's niece, Betty Kane);[9] and Batgirl, who was secretly Commissioner Gordon's daughter Barbara.[10] For several years, they also had an ardent — if frequently obnoxious — supporter in the form of Bat-Mite, an other-dimensional imp with seemingly limitless magical powers.[11]

Teen Titans and College Years

Main article: Teen Titans

As an early teen and "junior Justice Leaguer", Robin is joined by two other sidekicks (Aqualad and Kid Flash) to stop the menace of Mr. Twister in the small town of Hatton Corners.[12] Later, the three sidekicks join forces with Speedy and Wonder Girl in order to free their mentors in the JLA from the mind-control of an alien energy-being called the Antithesis. They defeat this foe and together the five teens decide to become a real team, calling themselves the Teen Titans.[13] Robin, by virtue of the tactical skills gleaned from Batman, is swiftly recognized as leader.[14] Bruce even allowed them access to the empty silo. The teens used it as their first secret headquarters – the Titans Lair. The Titans Lair was located in a cave outside of Gotham City. The team expands over the next few years and they meet Mr. Jupiter who sets them up with a training facility and resources.[15]

(In February 1973 in the Earth-1A universe), Young Robin was also on-hand at the formation of the Justice League.[16] Around this time, Robin helped take down Earth-Two villain, Solomon Grundy in a cross-universe adventure with his doppelgänger from Earth-Two. At the conlusion of this adventure, the older Grayson gives a war-torn younger Dick his old grey uniform, which may have played a part in the inspiration for his later adventures.[17]

(In 1976, in the Earth-1A universe) Robin's ‘full-time’ stint with the Teen Titans ended dramatically after the Titans were involved in the accidental shooting and subsequent death of world-famous philanthropist, Dr. Arthur Swenson at peace rally. In response to this tragedy, the team searched for meaning. They were offered the opportunity to engage in a training program with Mr. Jupiter (friend of Bruce Wayne and millionaire industrialist) at a secret location. Dick however (now 18), has decided to attend college in the fall[18] and devote more time to the SuperFriends when Snapper Carr gave up his duties as a Junior SuperFriends Member.[19] Dick subsequently moved out of Wayne Manor to attend Hudson University in New Carthage, New York, leaving his partnership with Batman behind.[20]

While at Hudson U, Dick would become involved in many adventures as Robin on the campus.[21] He did so by working along with the students and local townsfolk, solving crimes and helping people in the community.[22] He also met Terri Bergstrom whom enjoyed a friendly relationship.[23] Terri was a psychic. Together they had many adventures, some of which involved Lilith Clay.[24] In the same fashion, Robin continued working in New Carthage, solving mysteries and crimes alongside Chief McDonald.[25] When Scarecrow showed up in New Carthage, Robin managed to stop him with McDonald's assistance.[26]

Robin, Speedy, Wonder Girl and Kid Flash converge on Jupiter's training facility, about a year after Dick left; to help defeat Dr. Light.[27] We are soon introduced to Karen Beecher (aka Bumblebee) and Duela Dent (aka Harlequin)[28] and the Titans West’ team.[29]

Back at Hudson U, Dick noticed that Batgirl was investigating a murder case on the campus and he started following her as Robin,[30] which led to him saving her from a death at the hands of the killer and together, they captured the criminal.[31] This chance meeting led to, Dick being summoned to help Barbara Gordon in Washington, DC. It was at this point that Robin and Batgirl started teaming-up more frequently and a flirtatious relation between them started.[32] They eventually learned each other's secret identities.[33] Afterwards, Robin and Batgirl stopped the criminal organization MAZE from murdering a foreign Princess, in what would be the first encounter against the hired killers.[34] They even captured a large faction of the organization.[35]

After a brief team-up with Robin and Man-Bat in New York City to defeat the menace of the ‘Outsider’,[36] Barbara witnesses the virtual disintegration of Kathy Kane on her front steps. Batgirl and Robin team up to find the cure and restore Batwoman to her normal form.[37] Robin and would go on to have several team-ups with Barbara over the next few years.[38]

Eventually, Dick started dating classmate, Lori Elton;[39] but his constant disappearances and his lack of dedication to his studies and his personal life caused her to end their relationship[40] and start dating fellow classmate, David Corby. One such distraction was the appearance of a new costumed villain calling himself the Raven.[41] As he investigated, Robin found a connection to an organized criminal organization.[42] Robin teamed up with former Teen Titan associate, Duela Dent[43] and together they managed to learn the identity of the criminal organization. It was MAZE (a group dedicated to political assassinations). Robin and Duela learn the location of the secret headquarters and capture the criminal organization with help from the New Carthage Police Department, but the Raven escaped. Nevertheless, Robin knew the villain's secret identity and the next day, he confronted David Corby at the Hudson University campus as Dick Grayson. Corby was exposed as the Raven in front of everyone, including Lori Elton, who realized the mistake she had made, much too late.[44]

After a few more adventures with the Teen Titans on a part-time basis, Robin and the others decided that they had outgrown the ‘Teen’ Titans and go their separate ways.[45]

Soon, Dick started dating Jennifer Ann, but his work as Robin made difficult to maintain a healthy relationship.[46] It is around this time that Dick learned that Bruce’s lawyer had hired a spy to protect him, so he travelled to Gotham and put an end to the charade.[47] While in Gotham, Dick began to believe that this is where he was meant to be, so he dropped out of college, abandoning Hudson University and his relationship with Jennifer Ann.[48]

(In the Spring of 1979, in the Earth-1A universe) Select members of the Titans (Dick Grayson, Donna Troy, Garth, Duela Dent, Mal Duncan, Roy Harper) come together at the High School graduation of Wally West.[49] They team-up again, when an alien being arrived in orbit, in an effort to move earth out of her orbit (this team up included: Aqualad, Hawk & Dove, Kid Flash, Robin, Wonder Girl);[50] and again when Batman would enlist the aid of Robin, Kid Flash, Speedy, and Wonder Girl to help him as undercover agents, infiltrating the 'Runaways,' a gang of teenage thieves under the control of a mysterious Fagin called The Man.[51]

Growing restless, Dick decided to resume his studies. This time at Gotham University.[52]

The New Teen Titans and Nightwing

Main article: The New Teen Titans
Main article: Nightwing

In the pages of 'The New Teen Titans' comic book, Dick is retconned to be nineteen as if time stopped a few years. In the Earth-1A continuity, he would have to be in his early to mid 20's. In any event, it at this time that he loses interest in his studies and starts to take on solo missions, moving out of the shadow of his mentor; becoming a capable crime-fighter on his own. This "parting" between Dick and Batman is entirely amicable. He also begins to lead a new team of heroes calling themselves the New Teen Titans. Bruce is pleased with his ward's coming of age. Dick passes the mantle of Robin over to Jason Todd voluntarily and takes on new persona, Nightwing! Dick presumably received inspiration from Superman who once used ‘Nightwing’ as an alias on a mission to the shrunken Kryptonian city of Kandor. This alias was later was later used by the Kandorian named Van-Zee for super-heroics (who was inspired by Superman) on Krypton. The irony would be that Superman received his inspiration from 'Batman and Robin,' and then years later Robin would be inspired by Superman.[53] In the post-crisis continuity, Dick Grayson gives up his identity as Robin (having been "fired" by Batman) and is inspired by the legend of an ancient Kandorian superhero named Van-Zee, who had also used the name ‘Nightwing’ for his superhero persona. This tale retroactively erases the notion that anyone else before Grayson held the title of Nightwing.


Abilities


Equipment

  • Various Bat-Gadgets: Various small hand held devices usually carried in his utility belt and assembled into his costume directly, such as a cape that allowed him to glide vast distances.

Transportation

  • Grappling Hooks: swinging under own power in locale areas
  • Various Vehicles:


Robin's popular catchphrase

Please note that Robin doesn't include "Batman" in his every catchphrase of this type. Most Superfriends episodes have two or more "Holy" phrases. This lines can be and usually are very cheesy.

  • "Holy lifelines, Batman!"
  • "Holy headlines, Batman!"
  • "Holy wild animals"
  • "Holy mysteries, Batman!"
  • "Holy silent butlers!"
  • "Holy microbes!"
  • "Holy penmenship!"
  • "Holy monster makers!"


SuperFriends Team Members

Members of the Justice League of America

Aquaman (founding member) • Batman (founding member) • Superman (founding member) • Flash (founding member)
Green Lantern (founding member) • Martian Manhunter (founding member) • Wonder Woman (founding member)

Comic Book JLA Team Members:
Black CanaryElongated ManRed TornadoZatanna Zatara
Phantom Stranger (part-time Leaguer) • Sargon, The Sorcerer (honorary Leaguer)

Other Known Justice Leaguers:
The HuntressBlack OrchidCaptain MarvelSupergirlGreen FuryPlastic ManAtomGreen Arrow

SuperFriends Founding Members:
SupermanBatmanWonder WomanAquaman
HawkmanSamuraiGreen LanternFlashBlack Vulcan

Other Known SuperFriends Members:
HawkgirlApache ChiefEl DoradoRima

Junior SuperFriends:
RobinCyborgFirestorm
ZanJayna
Marvin WhiteWendy Harris

Mascots:
GleekWonder Dog


Appearances


Notes


Trivia

  • The character was originally created to serve as a junior counterpart to the superhero Batman.
  • He was conceived as a vehicle to attract young readership. In fact, Robin garnered overwhelmingly positive critical reception, doubling the sales of the Batman related comic books.[57]


External Links


References

  1. As confirmed by E. Nelson Bridwell in the pages of the SuperFriends Comic Book, issue #1.
  2. Casey Kasem provided the voice of Robin in The Adventures of Batman, and for the entire Super Friends series, and he also reprises the role on commercials for Cartoon Network.
  3. Arturo Mercado provided the voice of Robin for the Spanish dub of the Super Friends series.
  4. Burt Ward played Robin in live-action, in both Batman and in Legends of the Superheroes, and he also played the role in animation in The New Adventures of Batman.
  5. Aldo Stella provided the voice of Robin on the Italian dub of the Super Friends.
  6. This aspect of Robin’s origin is briefly referenced in the Season 1 1973 episode: The Planet-Splitter.
  7. As revealed in Batman, #213/1 (July/August 1969). E. Nelson Bridwell re-writes the 'original' origin story depicted in Detective Comics, #38 (April 1940) while adding some new details. The Earth-One / Silver-age version is also recounted in Detective Comics #484/4 (June/July 1979); and briefly in a flashback in Untold Legend of the Batman, #2 (August 1980).
  8. As revealed in Detective Comics, #233 (July 1956).
  9. As revealed in Batman, #139/3 (April 1961).
  10. As revealed in Detective Comics, #359 (January 1967).
  11. As revealed in Detective Comics, #267 (May 1959). Bat-Mite was also a regular featured character on The New Adventures of Batman which aired on CBS in the Spring of 1977.
  12. As revealed in Brave and the Bold, Vol. 1 #54 (July, 1964).
  13. E. Nelson Bridwell established Robin's Titan status as Earth-1A continuity in the pages of the SF Comic Book, issue #1.
  14. As revealed in Teen Titans, Vol. 1 #53 (February, 1978).
  15. These adventures are recounted in The Brave and the Bold, #54 (July 1964) and then in the first official Teen Titan appearance under the name "Teen Titans" in Brave and the Bold, Vol. 1 #60 (July, 1965). After being featured in Showcase, #59 (December 1965), the Teen Titans were spun off into their own series with Teen Titans, Vol. 1 #1 (February, 1966) by Haney and artist Nick Cardy. The series was canceled with #43 (January/February 1973). The series resumed with issue #44 (November 1976).
  16. As revealed in Adventure Comics, #256 (January, 1959); Justice League of America, #144 (July, 1977) and Justice League of America, #9 (February, 1962).
  17. As revealed in Justice League of America, #92 (September 1971).
  18. As revealed in Teen Titans, #25 (February, 1970).
  19. Conjecture based on the history within the Earth-1A universe.
  20. As revealed in Batman, #217 (December, 1969).
  21. As revealed in Batman, #234 (August, 1971).
  22. As revealed in Batman, #244 (September, 1972); #245 (October, 1972); #249 (June, 1973); #252 (October, 1973); Detective Comics, #445 (March, 1975) and Batman Family, #15 (January, 1978).
  23. As revealed in Batman, #231 (May, 1971).
  24. As revealed in Batman, #235 (September, 1971); #236 (November, 1971); #240 (March, 1972); #241 (May, 1972) and #242 (June, 1972)
  25. As revealed in Detective Comics, #485 (September, 1979).
  26. As revealed in Detective Comics, #486 (November, 1979); #488 (March, 1980) and #491 (April, 1980).
  27. As revealed in Teen Titans, #44 (November 1976).
  28. As revealed in Teen Titans, #44 (November 1976).
  29. As revealed in Teen Titans, #50; issue #51 and issue #52 (Oct. -- Dec. 1977).
  30. As revealed in Detective Comics, #400/2 (June, 1970).
  31. As revealed in Detective Comics, #401/2 (July, 1970).
  32. As revealed in Batman Family, #1/3 (October, 1975).
  33. As revealed in Batman Family #3/1 (February, 1976).
  34. As revealed in Batman Family #5/1 (June, 1976).
  35. As revealed in Batman Family, #11 (June, 1977).
  36. As revealed in Batman Family, #13 (September 1977).
  37. As revealed in Batman Family, #14 (October, 1977).
  38. As revealed in Batman Family, #16/1 (March, 1978); #20/2 (November, 1978) and Detective Comics, #489/3 (April, 1980).
  39. As revealed in Detective Comics, #450 (August, 1975).
  40. As revealed in Batman Family, #18 (July, 1978).
  41. As revealed in Batman Family, #19 (September, 1978).
  42. As revealed in Detective Comics #481/2 (January, 1979).
  43. As revealed in Detective Comics, #482/5 (March, 1979).
  44. As revealed in Detective Comics #483/5 (May, 1979).
  45. As revealed in Teen Titans, #53 (February 1978).
  46. As revealed in Detective Comics #490/4 (May, 1980) and #492/5 (July, 1980).
  47. As revealed in Detective Comics, #493/3 (August, 1980).
  48. As revealed in Detective Comics #494/4 (September, 1980) and #495/5 (October, 1980).
  49. As revealed in DC Special Series, #11 [Flash Spectacular] (April, 1978).
  50. As revealed in Showcase, #100 (May 1978).
  51. As revealed in Brave and the Bold, #149 (April 1979).
  52. As revealed in Detective Comics, #511 (February, 1982).
  53. As depicted in Superman, #158 (January 1963).
  54. Go to DC Database for more on Detective Comics, Vol. 1 #38 published in April 1940.
  55. As depicted in the Season 3 episode, History of Doom.
  56. As revealed in the Season 8, episode: The Case of the Shrinking Superfriends
  57. Daniels, Les (2004). Batman: The Complete History. Chronicle Books. pp. 37. ISBN 0811842320.
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