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Real name: Bruce Wayne
AKA: Caped Crusader
Dark Knight
World's Greatest Detective
The Guardian of Gotham City
Species: Human
Homeworld: Earth
Universe: Earth-1A
Hair: Black
Eyes: Blue
Height: 6'2
Weight: 210 lbs
Relatives: Thomas Wayne (father)
Martha Wayne (mother)
Apprentice: Robin / Dick Grayson
Robin / Jason Todd (unsure if Earth-1A)
Occupation: Superhero
Base: Hall of Justice
Batcave II
Gotham City
Wayne Manor
Affiliations: SuperFriends
Super Powers Team
Justice League of America
Wayne family
Batman Family
World's Finest Team
Wayne Enterprises
Abilities: none
Weaponry: Utility Belt
Voiced/Played: Olan Soule[1]
Adam West[2]
Patti Glick[3]
Steve Bulen[4]
Guillermo Romano[5]
Kevin Conroy[6]
Banjō Ginga[7]
Yuji Miyake[8]
Patrick Guillemin[9]
Batman Gallery

SuperFriends / Justice League of America Team Member

Orphaned as a child when his parents were killed before his eyes, Bruce Wayne trained himself to wage war against crime as the dread avenger of the night … the Batman!
From Batman, #304 (October 1978)

Season 1, Intro Card

The Dynamic Duo

The Dark Knight

Bruce Wayne is a wealthy American playboy, philanthropist, and owner of Wayne Enterprises. After witnessing the murder of his parents Dr. Thomas and Martha Wayne as a child, he swore vengeance against criminals, an oath tempered by a sense of justice. Bruce Wayne trains himself physically and intellectually and crafts a bat-inspired persona to fight crime.[10] Batman operates in Gotham City with assistance from various supporting characters, including his butler Alfred Pennyworth, police commissioner Gordon, and vigilante allies such as Robin. Unlike most superheroes, Batman does not possess any superpowers; rather, he relies on his genius intellect, physical prowess, martial arts abilities, detective skills, science and technology, vast wealth, intimidation, and indomitable will. A large assortment of villains make up Batman's rogues gallery, including his archenemy, the Joker. He is a worthy member of the Justice League of America and Super Friends.

Background Information

Early Youth

Early Youth

In the parallel-universe of Earth-One, Bruce Wayne was the only son of physician Dr. Thomas and Martha Wayne. When Bruce Wayne was 3 or 4, his father attended a masquerade-ball where the theme was ‘flying creatures’. Thomas Wayne won first prize wearing a "bat-man" costume. While the prizes are being given out, a couple of gunman burst in demand help from the only doctor in attendance, Dr. Wayne. They take him to their secret hideout where Lew Moxon, a notorious bank robber was hiding out. He had been shot. However, Thomas decides apprehend the bank robbers. And with stupid-luck, helps capture the bank robbers. At his trial, Moxon swears vengeance on Wayne.[11]

Young Bruce was also introduced to the mysterious avenger and vigilante called the 'Shadow' (Kent Allard), who saved his and his father's life during a robbery. Bruce was instantly inspired by the Shadow.[12] This event and seeing his father in the ‘Bat-costume’ (which Bruce still has) influenced Bruce's adult life.

A few weeks later, after a night out, young Bruce and his parents were walking home on through a fashionable neighborhood called Park Row (now called Crime Alley) and chatting about the movie they had just seen (in the Earth-1A universe, it was Robin Hood),[13] when a lone-gunman (in the Earth-One universe it was confirmed to be Joe Chill) emerged from the shadows trying to steal Martha’s necklace. As the boy watched in horror, two shots were fired. Bruce stood there in numb silence as his parents crumpled to the ground. As the police converged on the scene, a woman named Leslie Thompkins singled the young sobbing Bruce out. She knelt down beside him, hugged him and told him she would do what she could to help. Everything else faded away as he felt the comfort of her embrace. Young Bruce was also supported by a young police lieutenant named James W. Gordon.[14] Afterwards, Bruce made a graveside promise that he would bring the lowly killer to justice and avenge their deaths.[15] The Gotham police never found the gunman.[16]

Shortly after the funeral, Social Services handed Bruce over to the care of his uncle — Philip Wayne. He stayed at Philip's estate. His Uncle Phil had to travel due to his work and was rarely at home. So young Bruce became close friends with the housekeeper, Mrs. Chilton, who would become like a second mother.[17]

Almost a year to the date of his parent’s murder, he decided to track down the city's most famous private detective, Harvey Harris (in the Earth-1A universe he is the uncle to Jr. SuperFriend, Wendy Harris). After weeks of surveillance, Bruce decided to don a bright red, yellow and green costume to conceal his identity, Bruce decides to introduce himself only to find a criminal waiting to ambush him. Bruce used a large advertising display piece to waylay the thug, saving Harris's life. Harris was so impressed with the teen's nerve that he agreed to take him under his wing. Thinking the masked teenage boy looked as colorful as a robin redbreast in his costume; Harris decided to call him Robin. As Robin, Bruce spent several weeks training under Harvey Harris's tutelage. Harris instructed him on the finer points of criminal detection, boxing and fingerprint identification.[18]

As Bruce became a teenager, rather than purse athletic aspirations (which he could have), he dedicated himself towards learning everything he could about police procedure. He attended Gotham College, where he graduated with a degree in criminology and a minor in psychology. However, it was from Professor Amos Rexford that he learned his greatest lesson – the difference between law and justice.[19] Upon graduation Bruce traveled around the world in preparation for his ultimate crusade and during this journey; he visited many places for different purposes. He trained in Mexico with a Witch Doctor to hone his wisdom and learn to trust his instincts.[20] Bruce eventually returned to his family's original estate, Wayne Manor, now old enough to assume control of his father's business interests at Wayne Enterprises, but there was still the unsettled matter of his graveside vow.

(According to an Earth-Two story) Not long after returning, young Bruce was inspecting a nearby barn when he accidentally fell down through the floor and landed in a massive cave. Bruce explored the cave and found different entrances, one of which was directly connected to Wayne Manor. Bruce decided to create a secret entrance behind the grandfather's clock and soon he transformed the cave into a secret base of operations.[21]

Rogues, Villains and Allies

Rogues, Villains and Allies

On one notable evening, Bruce was toying with the idea of becoming a police officer, when, like an omen, a bat flew through a window in Wayne Manor. It was then he came up with the idea to become a masked vigilante crime-fighter: Batman, the Dark Knight to strike fear into the hearts of all evil men![22]

Batman was drawn to the traveling Haly's Circus during an investigation about a local mob boss. That night, the trapeze artists known as the Flying Graysons were victims of the mob boss and their son, Richard Grayson was left an orphan. Wayne would take in "Dick" Grayson and focus the kid's anger into training and enhancing his skills, which would ultimately result in Grayson becoming Batman's junior partner, Robin.[23]

Not long after Bruce took in the young orphan as his ward and his friendship with Gotham City Police Commissioner James Gordon begins to take shape.[24] Alfred Pennyworth showed up unannounced at Wayne Manor to become the butler, having made a promise to do so by his dying father Jarvis Pennyworth, Thomas Wayne's old butler. Although at first Wayne and Grayson kept their identities a secret from him, Alfred soon learned their secret during an emergency and began assisting the Batman and Robin team, adding maintenance of the Batcave to his many duties at Wayne Manor.[25]

Batman and Robin soon found their way onto the radar of investigative photographer, Victoria 'Vicki' Vale. As a photographer for Vue Magazine, it was her mission to captured the best picture of Batman and Robin 'in action.'[26] During one of her usual hunts for stories, Vicki managed to discovered exactly what Batman wanted her too - the secret identity of the masked vigilante. It is Police Commissioner Gordon! Afterwards, she learned that Batman allowed her to uncover this truth in order to help Gordon be recognized by the Mayor and Vicki get her story.[27] Bruce, as Batman soon began spending much time Vicki on a more romantic level.

Young Grayson would eventually enter High School,[28] all the while helping Batman to protect Gotham City from many costumed villains, including many powerful crime lords and mob bosses, such as: Mr. Incognito,[29] the Bouncer,[30] the Monarch of Menace,[31] Death Man,[32] the Outsider,[33] the monstrous criminal called Blockbuster,[34] the Weather Wizard,[35] the Hooded Hangman,[36] the Eraser,[37] Spellbinder,[38] the Scarecrow,[39] Mister Zero / Mister Freeze, [40] Poison Ivy (an intoxicating adversary),[41] the Joker,[42] the Penguin,[43] the Riddler,[44] Catwoman (whom Batman had an unconventional relationship with),[45] Schemer,[46] and Two-Face (aka Harvey Dent, former D.A. for Gotham City).[47]

Batman's on-again-off-again girlfriend, Vicki started working for the View Magazine and was sent on a long assignment to Europe. She returned months later to Gotham and assisted Batman in locating some killers on the loose. However, in the time she was gone, Batman had developed a more personal relationship with Batwoman, and Vicki's presence created conflict between the two girls.[48]

In addition to fighting crime, the Dynamic Duo teamed up with allies including Batwoman, heiress, former circus performer and love interest for Bruce, Kathy Kane;[49] Bat-Girl (Kathy's niece, Betty Kane);[50] and Batgirl, who was secretly Commissioner Gordon's daughter Barbara.[51] For several years, they also had an ardent — if frequently obnoxious — supporter in the form of Bat-Mite, an other-dimensional imp with seemingly limitless magical powers.[52] The Earth-One Batman never met his Earth-Two counterpart, but later became friends with his counterpart's daughter Helena, the Huntress; whom she called ‘uncle’.[53]

The Caped Crusader

The Caped Crusader

Putting on the Mask

It would be as Batman that Wayne began his personal crusade against the underworld forces that operated within Gotham city almost unchecked. He proved to be an effective crime fighter through sophisticated analytical and detective processes that got him the support of Gotham City Police Commissioner James Gordon. He even has the devotion of a local Doctor, Douglas William Dundee to aid him in his cause.[54]

Batman eventually learned the identities of Joe Chill and Lew Moxon and discovered the real story behind his parents' murders. However, Chill was shot by his own men and Moxon was hit by a truck[55] before either man could be arrested or brought to trial.

Formation of the Justice League

Formation of the Justice League

Batman and Robin are on hand for a historic occasion – the first gathering of assembled heroes! The Dynamic Duo is able to help the Flash, the Blackhawks, the Challengers of the Unknown, Plastic Man, the Vigilante, Robotman, Congo Bill and Congorilla, Rex, the Wonder Dog, Aquaman, and Wonder Woman in protecting Earth from a Martian invasion. The invaders had come to earth in search of earth’s newest arrival, the Martian Manhunter.[56]

The next assembly of these great heroes included the Flash, Wonder Woman, Superman, Batman, Aquaman, Martian Manhunter and the Green Lantern. As a team they stopped the invading Appellaxians resulting in the formation of Justice League of America![57]

The Dark Years

The Dark Years

Dick Grayson eventually graduated from high school and moved out of Wayne Manor to attend Hudson University. Bruce decided this was a good time to spend time away from Wayne Manor and the Batcave. He moved to the penthouse of the Wayne Foundation building. Bruce and Alfred decided to start working there as their main base of operations both for work at daylight as well as nighttime. In order to instill terror into the new breed of criminals, Batman became a terrible creature of the night once again; a decision that created a whole new perspective in Batman's career.[58] Working alone once again, Batman's tactics and methods became much more serious and so did his enemies.[59]

The caped crusader first became aware of a mysterious group of killers called the League of Assassins, when he saved a shipping magnate from being killed by one of the members of this group.[60] He also stopped their subsequent assassination attempts.[61] Batman was eventually captured by members of the League and locked away with a woman calling herself 'Talia.' They escape and form an estranged partnership.[62] Not long after this, Batman was informed that Robin had been kidnapped and he rushed to the Batcave to investigate the clues. Inside his sanctuary, Batman met the man who would become his most formidable adversary, Ra's al Ghul. He turns out to be the father of Talia and is seeking Batman's help to find her, who has also been kidnapped. By the time Batman located Robin on the lair of the brotherhood, he had rightfully deduced that Ra's and his men were behind everything. After a brief battle with Ra’s henchmen, Batman demands answers from Ra's. He replies by stating that it was all a test to verify Batman's worthiness to become his successor since his daughter Talia, was in love with him. Batman had passed Ra's test and he was offered Talia's hand in marriage along with Ra's al Ghul's empire.[63]

Batman continued his crusade against crime, ignoring Ra's intentions. He is joined by Talia once again and together they investigate the murder of a high profile scientist.[64] Batman soon learns that Ra’s was behind the gruesome crime, and so starts a long rivalry. Although, Ra’s became his enemy, Batman still has romantic feelings for Talia.[65] Batman traveled to Switzerland to locate Ra's secret lair. Once located, they learned that Ra's was dead. After seeing with their own eyes, Batman and Talia decide to leave.[66] However, before they could reach safety, Batman and the others were attacked by a crazed Ra's al Ghul, who had been brought back to life with help from a Lazarus Pit. Batman was easily defeated and Ra's escaped along with Talia, forcing the Dark Knight to track them down again to stop Ra's once and for all. Batman tracked Ra's to his secret base in the desert, where he was forced to fight Ra's on a duel to death and he almost lost the fight. Talia was responsible for saving Batman in the last minute and mustering all his strength, Batman finally captured Ra's al Ghul and gave Talia a well-deserved kiss, after which he took Ra's to the authorities.[67] After having finishing his business with Ra's, Batman returned to Gotham.[68]

Later, in the late 70’s, Batman came in conflict with the League of Assassins after they killed Bruce’s former girlfriend Kathy Kane. He confronted their leader, the ‘Sensei’, but he was forced to fight the Bronze Tiger instead. Although Batman managed to capture Kathy's killers, Sensei and Tiger escaped.[69] Batman was able to capture and interrogate Bronze Tiger about the murder of Kathy Kane, but couldn't get a solid answer. Batman decided to look for the Sensei.[70] After learning of the Sensei's plans, Batman saved many victims of the League, but when he had cornered Sensei, Ra's al Ghul stopped him from capturing the Sensei. Ghul poisoned Batman in order to incapacitate him and challenge the Sensei without assistance. Batman was taken away by Talia and when he recovered, he learned that Ra's and the Sensei had apparently perished in their confrontation.[71]

Also in the late 70's, Bruce Wayne from Earth-Two was killed in action.[72] On the next cross-universe adventure, the Helena Wayne (Earth-Two Batman's daughter), broke the sad news to Earth-One's Batman. This visit was cursed by the murder of another JSA member, Terry Sloane aka Mister Terrific. Batman of Earth-One and Helena (aka the Huntress) led the investigation.[73]

Over the years, both Richard Grayson from Earth-Two and Helena also kept up ties to Earth-One's Batman.[74] Helena even spent Christmas with Bruce one year.[75]

In the early 1980s, Batman of Earth-One and the Huntress teamed again when their teams were transported to New Genesis to aid the New Gods against Darkseid.[76]

Vicki moved out of Gotham and relocated in Europe, where she worked for several years in Paris as Bureau Chief for Picture News Magazine. During her time in Europe, Vicki married Tom Powers,[77] but she divorced about four years later.[78]

After the last encounter with Ra's, Talia approached Bruce and asked to be allowed to stay with him since she had nowhere else to go.[79] Bruce, who was in need of affection after his breakup with Selina, allowed Talia to stay, which in turn caused Robin to leave.[80] Batman and Talia soon started a serious relationship. Talia often assisted Batman on his quests.[81]

Eventually Batman was captured by Ra’s and was taken to Infinity Island.[82] He was once again offered to join Ra's, but when he refused, a new confrontation started near a Lazarus Pit. In order to save himself, Batman tossed Ra's into the pit, allowing the demon to arise crazed and stronger than before. The battle ended when Ra's fell into the pit a second time, activating the volcanoes of Infinity Island and destroying the entire place. Batman saved himself thanks to Talia's efforts and they departed from the former island assuming Ra's death.[83]

A New Beginning

A New Beginning

Eventually, Vicki Vale returned to Gotham and the first thing she set out to do was prove Batman and Bruce Wayne were the same person.[84] After Vicki was reintroduced to Bruce Wayne's life, Batman stopped a villain called Mirage Master, but the ordeal made him realize the harsh truth that he could no longer keep both lives as Bruce Wayne and Batman. For this reason, Bruce resigned his position as CEO of Wayne Enterprises and gave that role to his personal assistant and financial adviser, Lucius Fox.[85] And as fate would have it, Vicki and Bruce resumed their relationship and although her feelings were true, she was determined to learn the truth.[86] Soon after this decision was made, Bruce saw no more reason to remain living at the Wayne Foundation Penthouse[87] and he moved back to Wayne Manor, which also meant the return to the original Batcave.[88]

In new spirits, Batman and Superman teamed up on several occasions.[89]

Eventually, Bruce was introduced to the Todd Family[90] and a criminal named Killer Croc, who wanted to become the new crime-lord of Gotham.[91] Croc created a path of destruction and murdered Joe and Trina Todd, leaving their only son, Jason, an orphan. After Batman took Croc down, he decided to look after the kid, much like he did with Dick Grayson.[92] Soon, young Jason started training to become Batman's partner.[93] When Man-Bat returned to challenge Batman, Jason was kidnapped by the beast.[94] Despite this, they defeated the beast by helping turn back to human-form.[95] This made it clear to Bruce, that Jason was not ready to fight-crime as Batman’s partner. This angered the boy so he ran away from Wayne Manor. Batman followed and in interesting turn of events, they captured a criminal named Chimera.[96] Because of this, Bruce reconsidered his decision.[97]

Upon their return to Gotham, Batman and Jason had to save Vicki Vale from the Joker.[98] This time, Jason did it with style – he wore the original Robin outfit.[99] Then, when Jason helped him take down Poison Ivy, Batman finally agreed to let Jason become his new partner.[100]

Not long after Jason becomes Batman’s new sidekick, Dick shows up in the Batcave and tells Bruce that he wanted to move out from the shadow of the Batman and give up his identity as the ‘Robin.’ And since Bruce now has Jason, the boy will continue the legacy of ‘Robin.’[101]

With Jason officially as his new partner, Batman and Robin stopped various criminals including Crazy Quilt,[102] Doctor Fang,[103] Catman,[104] Scarecrow,[105] Mister Freeze[106] and many others. Unfortunately, the legal paperwork to acquire Jason's guardianship was overlooked and Bruce began a personal battle with the child welfare bureau.[107]

The Outsiders

Main Article: Outsiders

Batman called an emergency meeting of the JLA in the Satellite to inform them that a very good friend of his (Lucius Fox) had been kidnapped in the Markovian Revolution in Markovia and that he needs there help. Superman tells him that they’ve already been in touch with the state department and they do not want more troops or JLA involvement. Superman gave his word to them. With no support, Batman says he resigns and leaves. He recruited Jefferson Pierce to infiltrate the freedom-fighters, posing as Fox's brother, believing Jeff would pass as Lucius' brother. Inevitably, he was forced to become Black Lightning and ended up being captured alongside Batman.[108] While prisoners of Baron Bedlam, Batman managed to help Black Lightning recover his electric powers and they escaped from prison. Lightning and Batman joined Geo-Force, Halo, Katana and Metamorpho to defeat Bedlam. After a successful mission, the group decides to call themselves the Outsiders. Batman agrees, thinking to himself that this was what the JLA was like before all the rules and political agendas.[109]

Batman led the Outsiders to Gotham, where he provided them with their own headquarters in the ground below the Wayne Foundation building (aka Batcave II). He also set Katana and Halo up in the Penthouse of the building. Their first case was a terrorist named Agent Orange who tried to drop chemical weapons on Gotham.[110] Agent Orange died by suicide bomb while in custody. The Outsiders prevented any civilian casualties.[111] The nuclear villain, Meltdown escaped from prison, but they discovered his warden was guilty of human rights abuses.[112]

The Outsiders went to New York City when Dr. Helga Jace was kidnapped, and mistakenly battle the Teen Titans. Once they realize their mistake, they team up against the Fearsome Five.[113] Psimon (leader of the Fearsome Five), mind-controlled everyone in the city to attack the heroes, but they defeated him with help from Jace.[114] During a series of hospital organ transport robberies the Outsiders located a villain named Cryonic Man.[115] During the final confrontation with the villain, the Outsiders learned that the Cryonic Man's family was cryogenically frozen in the 50's, and when they learned of his treachery, they killed him.[116]Later, the Outsiders team-up with the Justice League to battle the Pantheon. This took them back through time to World War II where they fought alongside Sgt. Rock.[117] The Phantom Stranger assisted the Outsiders to stop an evil sorcerer named Tannarak, who was stealing life energy from Gotham's babies.[118]

After six month as a team, the Masters of Disaster abducts Black Lightning. Naturally his new teammates, the Outsiders, have something to say about that and a fight ensues.[119] Black Lightning awakens to find himself immersed in water and learns the true reason why he was taken by the Masters of Disaster. They were hired to kill him by the mother of Trina Shelton, who was accidentally killed one day when Black Lightning was trying to stop thieves in a subway. The Outsiders rescue Black Lightning from the Masters of Disaster before he is killed. Black Lightning also comes to terms with some of his inner demons.[120]

Outsider’s member, Katana's evil brother-in-law Takeo stole the Soultaker Sword from her, which contained the spirit of her slain husband Maseo. The Yakuza released the enslaved souls in the sword, including that of Maseo and the Samurai Squad are sent to kill Katana.[121] Katana killed her husband in a duel and then killed Takeo. The Outsiders then helped her take down the Yakuza's leader Noguri.[122]

Batman eventually revealed his identity to the Outsiders. The irony for Batman is that they already knew.[123]

Sadly, Geo-Force's sister Terra was killed and the Outsiders attended her funeral.[124]

Escaped convict (from Arkham Asylum), Maxwell Zeus contacts the Monitor looking for a band of miscreants to help him wreak havoc. The Monitor assures Maxwell that he'd be happy to help for his usual fee. Zeus and his new team call themselves the New Olympians.[125] The villainous team is stopped by Batman and the Outsiders.[126]

Batman, with some help from private investigator Jason Bard, were able to help out fellow Outsider by learning her origin and reuniting her with her family. While Batman and the rest of the Outsiders are helping Halo, Metamorpho seeks out his love, Sapphire Stagg. Before he could meet her, Sapphire’s father, Simon Stagg had foreseen this event and attacks Metamorpho with an army of men, each one armed with a fragment of the Orb or Ra (which is like Kryptonite to Rex), which eventually kills Metamorpho.[127] The body of Metamorpho is taken by Sapphire, Dr. Jace and the Outsiders back to Egypt, to the Pyramid of Ahk-Ton to find the Orb of Ra. The Orb successfully resurrected him but transported them all 3000 years backwards to the time of Ramses VIII. The revived Metamorpho is totally loyal to the evil high priest, Ahk-Ton, who wants to overthrow Ramses VIII from the throne.[128] Batman, Sapphire and Dr. Jace go about saving the Pharoh without changing history. They are successful and transported back home. Rex learns from Dr. Jace that his transformation has become permanent. As Metamorpho loses hope for a bright future, Sapphire intervenes and ends their torment by proposing to him and they agree to marry.[129]

Sadly, not long after Halo was reunited with her parents, they are tragically killed.[130] Using technology on the abandoned Justice League Satellite, they are finally able to restore Halo's memory. Who is then able to recall and explain to her fellow heroes, that she was an ‘energy being’ who entered the corpse of Violet Harper. Then, a group of people claiming to be the same race as Halo (aka the Aurakles) appear and forcibly take her with them.[131] The Outsiders venture into space to find Aurakles in space. They save Halo, but she decides to leave again to find herself.[132]

Later, Metamorpho saved Simon Stagg from an assassination attempt at the Gotham Zoo, and Simon agrees to allow the wedding of Rex and Sapphire. In the meantime, Halo accidentally joined a cult run by Kobra.[133] When the Kobra Cult realized that Halo was among them, they tortured her and learned Batman's secret identity.[134] Kobra sent assassins to kill the Outsiders in their civilian identities, but they all failed. Meanwhile he drugged a military general and stole control of Reagan's "Star Wars" missile defense system to hold America hostage.[135] The Outsiders flew into space and defeated Kobra, thereby saving America.[136]

Later, Maxwell Tremaine kidnapped Sapphire Stagg on the day of her wedding to Metamorpho, and hired the Masters of Disaster to protect him. The Outsiders rescued Sapphire, and Tremaine is killed by his own robots. With this sovled, Metamorpho and Sapphire finally get married.[137]

The Crisis on Infinite Earths

The Crisis on Infinite Earths
Main Article: Crisis on Infinite Earths

As Batman squares off with the Joker in Gotham, he sees a distraught image of the Flash, warning about the end of the world. Batman tries to talk to the Flash, but he disintegrates before his eyes.[138]

It is July 1985. The skies overhead have turned red. Weather around the world is out of whack. All the signs point to the coming of Armageddon. Soon, the Outsiders are called to New York after the disappearance of Cyborg along with Teen Titans to save as many citizens as possible. Batman and Superman help guide the chaos. Suddenly they all see the Flash appear before their eyes (Batman sees the Flash for a second time).[139] He tells them that something is happening in the future, everything is unraveling, fraying at the seams. Batman tries talking to him, but before the Flash can respond, he screams in pain and terror as he is pulled away and disappears. With no end in sight, Batman calls on the Outsiders, saying they’ve got a job to do.[140] The Outsiders and the Titans are now in Metropolis, looking to the massive tower that has appeared in the middle of the city for answers (NOTE: They are unaware of the Monitor at this point and the war with the Anti-Monitor). As they approach, a female looking very similar to Dr. Light, speaks to them in Japanese. She tries to warn the heroes approaching her to stay away from the tower, and blasts them away with a burst of light. Black Lightning is concerned, but Katana, and Superman, understanding Japanese, realize she is an ally, tells the female Dr. Light that they are here to help.[141]

Soon, another clue presents itself to Batman and his allies. A man named Pariah has arrived, seeking the Justice League’s help. He tells them that the ‘Justice Alliance of America’ (aka the JAA) on Earth-D needs their help and that the Flash sent him. He then transports the heroes to Earth-D. Upon their arrival, Batman finds the Flash and asks him about his strange pleas for help. The Flash is unaware of the events. As the planet unravels, a group of strange shadow-like creatures attack all the heroes. The heroes battle valiantly, but their powers are ineffective against the creatures. As the Anti-Monitor watches, he decides that he has a use for the Flash and teleports the Speedster to him. With no hope of saving their world the JAA tells the JLA members to return home to save their world. The League leaves through the portal, leaving Earth-D's heroes to go down fighting.[142]

Batman and his allies turn up again, aboard a strange satellite. The heroes have been summoned by Alex Luthor Jr. of Earth-Three, Pariah and Harbinger. This trio has brought together a massive congregation of heroes from Earth-One and Earth-Two – against their will. Together the three explain that a being called the Anti-Monitor is consuming all positive-matter realities, but also explain that in order for things to correct themselves, the Multiverse must be folded back upon itself and become a single universe – the way it was intended, or else all worlds will be destroyed.[143] After the summit there is much confusion. Batman invites a group of heroes and a few villains into the Bat-Cave for consultation.[144]

Soon, the Supermen of Earth-One and Earth-Two, Mon-El, Lady Quark, Captain Atom, Jade, Green Lantern of Earth-2, Wonder Woman, Captain Marvel, the Ray, Martian Manhunter, Wildfire, Firestorm, Dr. Light, and Supergirl are led by Pariah through the portal between the two universes, that was opened by Alex Luthor, Jr. Soon they come upon the Anti-Monitor's floating stone fortress and a major battle occurs. Supergirl receives a fatal blow and dies in her cousins arms. At that moment, the Anti-Monitor's fortress falls apart and our heroes head back to back to their own universe. News of Supergirl’s death is received globally. A funeral is held and Batman attends.[145]

The Outsiders volunteer at the Cosmic Treadmill to go to Earth-X, in hopes of saving its citizens before its destruction. The "new" Robin (Jason Todd) tells Batman that says he’s kind of nervous about traveling another earth. Batman tells him to do his best. Then they all travel back to help battle the Anti-Monitor at the Big Bang.[146]

Back at the Titan Tower, the Harbinger explains that there are many unanswered questions, Batman shows up , interrupts and explains that he, Robin (Jason Todd) and Alex Luthor, Jr. went to check out a hunch. They went to see Lex Luthor in his prison cell and realize that none of the supervillains that went back in time to Oa, to try and prevent Krona's experiment from taking place, remember ever taking that trip. This means that only those who were there at the Dawn of Time remember the mulitverse.[147]

When the Anti-Monitor returns for a final attack, the Outsiders are part of the last stand against his shadow army. After the Anti-Monitor is killed and the multiverse becomes the New Earth, funerals are held for those who disappeared: Robin of Earth-Two, the Huntress, and Kole. Batman, Robin, Batgirl, Mary Marvel and others were on hand to conduct a memorial service.[148]

After the events of the Crisis on Infinite Earths, Batman's existence and history was completely altered, and although some elements from his history remained unchanged, he was ultimately transformed into a different person, existing on a different reality.

Hidden Lair

Powers and Abilities

Super powers

Batman, though considered a "superhero," has no enhanced abilities or special powers. However due to extensive and intensive training, Batman does possess beyond normal strength, speed and agility. He is also an expert in the sciences, technology, martial arts, and many other disciplines.

Batman's true powers come from his superior leadership abilities and his Sherlock Holmes like deduction/reasoning abilities. (See Batman's abilities below)


  • Indomitable Will: Although he has no superhuman powers, Batman's unstoppable determination and strength of will make him an extremely formidable opponent. This makes him able to function while tolerating massive amounts of physical pain, and also allows him to resist telepathy or mind control. His willpower is strong enough to operate a Green Lantern Ring when necessary.
  • Intimidation: It is widely known that Batman has the ability to instill fear in others, even the people that know him best are intimidated by him. Even those who aren't afraid of the likes of Superman fear Batman.
  • Interrogation: Batman is adept in interrogation techniques, often using law enforcement methods as well as torture. Several methods seen include hanging a person over the edge of a building by one leg or chaining a person upside down and beating them. He usually just uses his frightening appearance to get answers. "Fear is an excellent motivator" he once said.
  • Peak Human Conditioning: Through intense training, specialized diet, and biofeedback treatments, Batman represents the pinnacle of human physical prowess. His physical attributes exceeded that of any Olympic level athlete that has ever completed. Strength, speed, stamina, agility, reflexes and coordination are at peak human perfection. Batman began his physical and mental conditioning when he was 11 and then intense physical training and weight lifting at age 12. He has mastered full body control by the time he was 18. Bruce Wayne, since the age of 15, has created a strict diet to enable his body to develop and operate at its most proficient, along with biofeedback treatments (using portable/non portable machines to stimulate muscles to contraction). Batman has performed amazing physical feats due to his superior physique. He engaged in an intensive regular regimen of rigorous exercise (including aerobics, weight lifting, gymnastics, and simulated combat) to keep himself in peak condition, and has often defeated opponents whose size, strength, or other powers greatly exceeded his own. He has spent his entire life in pursuit of physical perfection and has attained it through constant intensive training and determination.
  • Acrobatics: He is proficient in gymnastics and acrobatics.
  • Martial Arts: Bruce is well trained in multiple martial arts, he is known as the man who has mastered 127 forms of martial arts. His primary form of combat is an idiosyncratic admixture of Tae Kwon Do, Judo, Muay Thai, Dragon Style Kung Fu, Boxing, Jujitsu, Ninjitsu and Capoeira.
  • Weaponry: Through his martial arts training, he has become an expert on all melee weapons. Wayne has displayed exceptional sword fighting capability and proficiency with knives, sticks and various other weapons. He practices during his combat sessions to keep his skills intact, but he prefers unarmed combat.
  • Stealth: His Ninjutsu training has made him a master at stealth and capable of breaching high security facilities without being detected.
  • Marksmanship: Wayne is an expert marksman skilled. He is skilled with throwing projectile weapons, (such as his batarangs) archery and firearms. He has been practicing such skills since the early days of his training and is almost on par with the Green Arrow in terms of accuracy.
  • Genius Level Intellect: Batman is a brilliant, virtually peerless, detective, strategist, scientist, tactician, and commander; he is widely regarded as one of the keenest analytical minds on the planet. Given his lack of superpowers, he often uses cunning and planning to outwit his foes, rather than simply "out-fighting" them.
  • Polymath: He has studied Biology, Technology, Mathematics, Physics, Mythology, Geography, & History. Gained degrees in Criminal Science, Forensic sciences, Computer Sciences, Chemistry and Engineering by the time he was 21. He has mastered Diverse Environmental Training, Security Systems, and illusion/sleight of hand by the time he was 23. He gained even more degrees in Biology, Physics, Advanced Chemistry, and Technology by the time he was 25. He had learned Forensic Sciences, Medical Sciences, Expanded Computer and Engineering Sciences, and Expanded Device Pool use of personal powered armor and system, database creation on underworld crime bosses, rogue's gallery foes and other supervillains; improved material sciences for body armor and micro-machinery by the time he was 26. Has also learned Advanced New Development in Forensic and Medical Sciences.
  • Investigation: He is widely considered as the World's Greatest Detective, capable of observation, forensic investigation, and inductive and deductive reasoning of the highest caliber. Human intuition is an unlearnable trait and one of Batman's most effective tools. Given any mystery, he can arrive at the correct conclusions with a fraction of the data.
  • Multilingualism: He is able to speak Spanish, French, Latin, German, Japanese, English, Russian, Cantonese, Mandarin, Greek, Portuguese, Arabic, Sanskrit, Hindi, Thai and possibly more.
  • Tactical Analysis: He commonly utilizes cunning tactics to outwit his foes. He is an excellent leader and at times commands the Justice League, Batman is known as one of the greatest strategists and tacticians in the universe.
  • Escapology: He has been described as second only to Mister Miracle as an escape artist.
  • Driving: Bruce is proficient at driving many vehicles like cars, motor bikes and trucks. He can also drive boats and small ships.
  • Athletics: He has demonstrated great in Olympic sports, and he is quite skilled in the game of golf.
  • Aviation: He is skillful at operating aircraft such as jets and helicopters.
  • Tracking
  • Disguise: Has mastered the art of disguise by the time he was 23. Has further learned expanded disguise techniques by the time he was 26. Batman has many aliases he uses to infiltrate the underworld or just to go undercover in public situations. His current aliases are: Matches Malone, Thomas Quigley, Ragman, Detective Hawke, Sir Hemingford Grey, Frank Dixon, Gordon Selkirk, and Mr. Fledermaus.
  • Mechanical Aptitude: Proficient at combat driving. Has learned improved vehicle designs. Was trained and proficient in basic vehicles operations.
  • Business Management: Bruce Wayne has extensive skills and experience in business management, has thorough understanding of financial marketing and management and is often known as a example of successful industrialist and businessman on par to Lex Luthor.


Those akin to a normal, mortal, human.


Batman's Batcomputer is capable of running test on clues, and many other things.



Batman uses several vehicles:

Batman's popular catchphrase

  • "Great Gotham!"

SuperFriends Team Members

Episode Appearances

Batman (TV series, 1966–68)

The Batman/Superman Hour (1968-69)

The New Adventures of Batman (1977)

Super Friends TV Series (1973-85)

Batman Action Figures

A loose Batman figure

In 1984 the Super Powers collection was launched and one of the first figures released was a Batman figure. He as depicted as wearing his Super Friends gray and blue costume with a black and yellow Bat symbol on his chest. He also featured blue gauntlets blue boots and a blue cowl. His sole accessory was unique, removable blue cloth cape. Like many other action figures n this line the Batman action figure would produce a Superpower when his legs were squeezed together. Batman's motion was a Bat Punch. A Robin action figure and a Batmobile were later produced.


  • Batman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by artist Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, and first appeared in Detective Comics, #27 (1939).[149]
  • Batman is originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as ‘the’ Batman.
  • Two different actors lent their voice talents to the role of Batman. Olan Soule provided the voice for Batman in the first 4 seasons of Super Friends. Then actor Adam West, who also played Batman in the live-action 1966 television series provided the voice for Batman in The New Adventures of Batman as well as the final 2 seasons of the Super Friends series.
  • Adam West has remained very connected to the Batman lore even after staring as the Caped Crusader himself in the 60's Batman tv series by making guest appearances in the various animated Batman series. In Batman: The Animated Series as The Gray Ghost. West later had a recurring role as the voice of Mayor Grange in the Kids WB animated series The Batman . And now West is set to return as Thomas Wayne in the original batsuit in the upcoming episode "Chill of the Night" on Batman: The Brave and the Bold.
  • Batman's origin is explored in a Season 9 episode entitled The Fear. A bit of a nitpick: Robin is ignorant of the fact that Bruce Wayne's parents died in Crime Alley. This is against all levels of continuity because they have been partners for so long. This marks the first time that Batman's origin was explored on film. A bat even flies into Wayne's window which acts as his inspiration just like in the comics.

External Links

Appearances in Other Media

Live Action



  1. Olan Soule did the voice of Batman in The Adventures of Batman and in the Superfriends from Season 1-Season 8.
  2. Adam West played the Dark Knight in live action, both in the '60s Batman series and in Legends of the Superheroes. And he also did his voice in The New Adventures of Batman. He later takes on the role again for the last two seasons of the Super Friends series.
  3. Patti Glick did the voice of the young preteen Bruce Wayne in The Fear.
  4. Steve Bulen provided the voice of the teenage version of Bruce Wayne in the episode The Fear.
  5. Guillermo Romano provided the voice of Batman on the Spanish dub of the Super Friends and also on The New Adventures of Batman.
  6. Kevin Conroy, best known for playing the character in Batman: The Animated Series, also portrayed the Super Friends version of the character in Batman and Inch High, Private Eye and Ben 10 and the Super Friends, commercials for Cartoon Network.
  7. Banjō Ginga provided the voice of Bruce Wayne in a Japanese dub of The New Adventures of Batman.
  8. Yuji Miyake provided the voice of Bruce Wayne in a Japanese dub of The New Adventures of Batman.
  9. Patrick Guillemin provided the voice of Bruce Wayne in a French dub of Batman with Robin the Boy Wonder.
  10. Beatty, Scott (2008). "Batman". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London: Dorling Kindersley. pp. 40–44. ISBN 978-0-7566-4119-1.
  11. As learned from Thomas Wayne’s journal. This story is revealed in Detective Comics, #235 (September 1956)
  12. As revealed in Batman, #259 (November/December 1974).
  13. This is probably referring to The Adventures of Robin Hood released in 1938 and directed by Michael Curtiz and William Keighley. This street is never actually called, Park Row on the SuperFriends TV Show.
  14. As revealed in Detective Comics, #457 (March 1976) and in Untold Legend of the Batman, #1 (July 1980). Elements of this story are also revealed in Batman Annual, #9 (1985).
  15. As revealed in Untold Legend of the Batman, #1 (July 1980).
  16. As revealed in Detective Comics, #235 (September 1956).
  17. As revealed in Batman, #208 (January-February 1969) and in Untold Legend of the Batman, #1 (July 1980).
  18. As revealed in Detective Comics, #226 (December 1955) and in Untold Legend of the Batman, #1 (July 1980). This is also referenced in the Super Fan section of the SuperFriends comic book, issue #1
  19. As revealed in Untold Legend of the Batman, #1 (July 1980).
  20. As revealed in Detective Comics, #449 (July 1975).
  21. As revealed in Detective Comics, #205 (March, 1954).
  22. As explained in the Season 9 episode, The Fear and revealed in Untold Legend of the Batman, #1 (July 1980).
  23. As revealed in Untold Legend of the Batman, #2 (August 1980).
  24. Much of this back story is depicted in the Filmation series: The Batman/Superman Hour (1968-1969).
  25. As revealed in Untold Legend of the Batman, #2 (August 1980).
  26. As revealed in Batman, #75 (February, 1953); Batman, #85 (August, 1954); Detective Comics, #216 (February, 1955) and Batman, #98 (March, 1956).
  27. As revealed in Detective Comics, #245 (July, 1957).
  28. As revealed in Batman, #166 (September 1964).
  29. As revealed in Batman, #173 (August 1965).
  30. As revealed in Detective Comics, #347 (January 1966)
  31. As revealed in Detective Comics, #350 (April 1966).
  32. As revealed in Batman, #180 (May 1966).
  33. As revealed in Detective Comics, #340 (June 1965).
  34. AS revealed in Detective Comics, #345 & #349 (1966-67).
  35. As revealed in Detective Comics, #353 (July 1966).
  36. As revealed in Detective Comics, #355 (September 1966).
  37. As revealed in Batman, #188 (December 1966).
  38. As revealed in Detective Comics, #358 (December, 1966).
  39. As revealed in Batman, #189 (February 1967); #200 (March 1968) and Detective Comics, #389 (July 1969).
  40. As revealed in Detective Comics, #375 (May 1968).
  41. As revealed in Batman, #181 (June 1966).
  42. As revealed in Detective Comics, #341 (July 1965) and Batman, #181 (June 1966).
  43. As revealed in Batman, #190 (March 1967).
  44. As revealed in Detective Comics, #362 (April 1967); #364 (June 1967); #377 (July 1968).
  45. As revealed in Batman, #201 (May 1968); #210 (March 1969).
  46. As revealed in Batman, #205 (September 1968).
  47. As revealed in Batman, #234 (August 1971); Brave and the Bold, #106 (March-April 1973); Batman, #258 (Sept. - Oct. 1974); #312 (June 1979); #313 (July 1979); #314 (August 1979); #329 (November 1980); #346 (April 1982) & Detective Comics, #513 (April 1982).
  48. As revealed in Detective Comics, #309 (November, 1962).
  49. As revealed in Detective Comics, #233 (July 1956).
  50. As revealed in Batman, #139/3 (April 1961).
  51. As revealed in Detective Comics, #359 (January 1967); #363 (May 1967); #369 (Nov.1967); Batman, #197 (December 1967).
  52. As revealed in Detective Comics, #267 (May 1959). Bat-Mite was also a regular featured character on The New Adventures of Batman which aired on CBS in the Spring of 1977.
  53. As revealed in Batman Family, #17 (April-May 1978) and Justice League of America, #195 (October 1981).
  54. As revealed in Batman, #304/2 (October 1978).
  55. As revealed in Detective Comics, #235 (September 1956)
  56. The above adventure is revealed in Justice League of America, #144 (July, 1977).
  57. As revealed in Justice League of America, #9 (February, 1962).
  58. As revealed in Batman, #217 (December 1969).
  59. As revealed in Detective Comics, #395 (January 1970); Detective Comics, #397 (March 1970); #399 (May 1970); #401 (July 1970); Batman, #219 (February 1970); #221 (May 1970); #225 (September 1970); #226 (November 1970); #237 (December 1971).
  60. As revealed in Detective Comics, #405 (November 1970).
  61. As revealed in Detective Comics, #406 (December 1970).
  62. As revealed in Detective Comics, #411 (May 1971).
  63. As revealed in Batman, #232 (June 1971).
  64. As revealed in Batman, #235 (September 1971).
  65. As revealed in Batman, #240 (March 1972); #242 (June 1972).
  66. As revealed in Batman, #243 (August 1972).
  67. As revealed in Batman, #244 (September 1972).
  68. As revealed in Batman, #245 (October 1972).
  69. As revealed in Detective Comics, #485 (August-September 1979); #486 (October-November 1979).
  70. As revealed in Detective Comics, #489 (April 1980).
  71. As revealed in Detective Comics, #490 (May 1980).
  72. The death of the Earth-two Batman was revealed in Adventure Comics, #462 (March/April 1979).
  73. As reveled in Justice League of America #171 – #172 (Oct. – Nov. 1979).
  74. As revealed in Justice League of America, #195 (October 1981).
  75. As revealed in Brave and the Bold, #184 (March 1982).
  76. As revealed in Justice League of America, #183 (Oct. 1980); #184 (Nov.1980) and #185 (Dec.1980).
  77. As revealed in Batman Family, #11 (June, 1977).
  78. As revealed in Batman, #352 (October, 1982).
  79. As revealed in Batman, #331 (January, 1981).
  80. As revealed in Batman, #332 (February 1981).
  81. As revealed in Batman, #333 (February, 1981).
  82. As revealed in Batman, #334 (April, 1981).
  83. As revealed in Batman, #335 (May 1981).
  84. As revealed in Batman, #344 (February, 1982).
  85. As revealed in Detective Comics #511 (February 1982).
  86. As revealed in Detective Comics, #512 (March, 1982) and Batman, #346 (April, 1982).
  87. As revealed in Detective Comics, #513 (April 1982).
  88. As revealed in Batman, #348 (June, 1982).
  89. As revealed in World's Finest Comics, #285 (November 1982); #286 (December 1982); #287 (January 1983); #288 (February 1983); #293 (July 1983); #307 (September 1984); and #321 (November 1985).
  90. As revealed in Detective Comics, #524 (March 1983).
  91. As revealed in Batman, #358 (April 1983) and Detective Comics, #525 (April 1983).
  92. As revealed in Detective Comics, #526 (May 1983).
  93. As revealed in Batman, #360 (June 1983).
  94. As revealed in Detective Comics, #527 (June 1983).
  95. As revealed in Batman, #361 (July 1983).
  96. As revealed in Batman, #364 (October 1983).
  97. As revealed in Detective Comics, #531 (October 1983).
  98. As revealed in Batman, #365 (November 1983) and Detective Comics, #532 (November 1983).
  99. As revealed in Batman, #366 (December 1983).
  100. As revealed in Detective Comics, #534 (January 1984).
  101. As revealed in Batman, #368 (February, 1984) and the New Teen Titans, #39 (February, 1984).
  102. As revealed in Detective Comics, #535 (February 1984).
  103. As revealed in Batman, #370 (April 1984).
  104. As revealed in Batman #371 (May 1984).
  105. As revealed in Batman, #373 (July 1984) and Detective Comics #540 (July 1984).
  106. As revealed in Batman, #375 (September 1984).
  107. As revealed in Detective Comics, #542 (September 1984).
  108. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #1 (August 1983).
  109. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #2 (September 1983).
  110. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #3 (October 1983).
  111. As revealed in Brave and the Bold, #200/2 (July 1983).
  112. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #4 (November 1983).
  113. As revealed in New Teen Titans, #37 (December 1983).
  114. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #5 (December 1983).
  115. AS revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #6 (January 1984).
  116. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #7 (February 1984).
  117. As revealed in World's Finest Comics, #300 (February 1984).
  118. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #8 (March 1984).
  119. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #9 (April 1984).
  120. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #10 (May 1984).
  121. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #11 (June 1984).
  122. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #12 (July 1984).
  123. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #13 (August 1984).
  124. As revealed in Tales of the Teen Titans Annual, #3 (1984).
  125. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #14 (October 1984).
  126. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #15 (November 1984).
  127. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #16 (December 1984).
  128. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #17 (January 1985).
  129. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #18 (February 1985).
  130. As revealed in Batman and the Outsider, #20 (April 1985).
  131. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #22 (June 1985).
  132. Batman and the Outsiders, #23 (July 1985).
  133. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #24 (August 1985).
  134. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #25 (September 1985).
  135. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #26 (October 1985).
  136. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders, #27 (November 1985).
  137. As revealed in Batman and the Outsiders Annual, #2 (September, 1985).
  138. As revealed in Crisis on Infinite Earths, #2 (May, 1985). According to Flash, #350 (October, 1985): After an adventure in the 64th century to battle Abra Kadabra, the Flash, doesn’t go back to the 20th Century. Instead he journeys to the 30th Century, to pay a visit to his late wife's parents. There the Flash learns how, upon her death, Iris West Allen's soul was drawn back to the 30th Century, where her family had it placed in a new body. At long last, the Flash and Iris are reunited, to resume their happy lives as husband and wife. He is not seen again, till Batman encounters him in Crisis on Infinite Earths, #3 (June, 1985).
  139. Batman's first encounter with the Flash is revealed in Crisis on Infinite Earths #2 (May, 1985).
  140. As revealed in New Teen Titans, #13 (October 1985) and Crisis on Infinite Earths #3 (June, 1985).
  141. As revealed in Crisis on Infinite Earths, #4 (July, 1985).
  142. As revealed in the post-crisis story: Legends of the DC Universe: Crisis on Infinite Earths (February, 1999).
  143. As revealed in Crisis on Infinite Earths, #5 (August, 1985).
  144. As revealed in Crisis on Infinite Earths #5 (August, 1985).
  145. As revealed in Crisis on Infinite Earths, #7 (October, 1985).
  146. As revealed in Crisis on Infinite Earths, #9 (December, 1985) and #10 (January, 1986).
  147. As revealed in Crisis on Infinite Earths, #11 (February, 1986).
  148. As revealed in Crisis on Infinite Earths #12 (March, 1986).
  149. Go to DC Database for more on Detective Comics Vol. 1, #27